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Tail health is often at risk, especially when your cat walks freely outside. In addition to the wounds on cat tail can appear after a street fight, there are a number of dangerous diseases, a symptom of which is scab and erosion in this area.
Skin Diseases as a Cause of Wounds
Various skin conditions are a common cause of scratches and deep wounds in pets. Dermatitis occurs as a result of the activity of parasites, bacteria or fungi. Also, inflammation of the epidermis develops in response to skin irritation caused by chemicals or is a result of an allergic reaction. Causes of dermatitis:
- exposure to household chemicals;
- an allergic reaction to drugs used to treat a pet;
- hygienic products for pets;
- waste products of parasites, in particular nits;
- response to flea bites or skin mite excrement.
A severe itching that torments the cat is typical for this group of diseases. In this case, a wound on cat’s tail appears as a result of scratching and gnawing at itchy spot, and is only a symptom, but not a disease itself. Home treatment of such wounds is reduced to antiseptic treatment of the damaged area. Dermatitis is treated by anti-inflammatory drugs, but only a vet can select the appropriate medication. It depends on the type of pathogen. Antibacterial, antifungal drugs, or antihistamines can be used in therapy if dermatitis of an allergic nature is diagnosed.
Endocrine Disorders and Inflammation of the Sebaceous Glands
In some cases, a wound on cat’s tail appears because of a hormone imbalance and endocrine disorders. This is accompanied by other symptoms:
- alopecia (baldness);
- appetite disorders;
- behavior changes.
One of the most dangerous pathologies provoking the appearance of such a symptom is diabetes mellitus. This disease is often diagnosed in animals with obesity, and develops because of bad carbohydrate metabolism. One of the specific symptoms of this disease is deep non-healing wounds and weeping erosion on the tail of the animal. Location of wounds is due to peculiarities of blood circulation in this area.
Note!Another common cause of erosions is blockage and inflammation of the sebaceous glands. This pathology is also endocrine disorder and requires doctor’s consultation. There is no use treating wound itself without specific treatment of the disease, because it will appear again after a while.
As a rule, the treatment of endocrine disorders begins with adjusting of a diet. This is followed by drug therapy, including hormonal therapy.
Food and Health
Improper nutrition results in diseases of the liver, kidneys and gastrointestinal tract. Such pathologies are always accompanied by a number of different symptoms, including wounds on cat tail. A common mistake is feeding an animal from your table. Despite the fact that pets love tidbits, it is important to remember that cats shouldn’t eat human food. Fatty, fried and sweet foods increase a load on the digestive organs. Another serious violation is the combination of dry food and natural food. Often, animals following such a diet are diagnosed with severe pathologies of the liver and gastrointestinal tract. Such diseases can cause wounds on the tail and other parts of the body.
Photo of Cats with Wounds on Tails
How to Treat Purulent Wounds?
Pus, regardless of the cause of a wound, indicates a bacterial infection. This condition is called tail abscess and is dangerous for the risk of sepsis, the spread of inflammation in the vertebrae and tissue necrosis. If the cat has a purulent wound on its tail, such antiseptics as hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine and miramistin solutions should be used to clean the cavity. After antiseptic treatment, a bandage with a broad-spectrum anti-bacterial ointment must be applied to the wound. Levomekol and Vishnevsky’s ointment are being successfully used for that purpose.
In the case the wound is large and the skin around it is swollen, there is a need to clean the cavity surgically. An abscess may be accompanied by symptoms of intoxication. If damage to the skin on the tail appeared after a cat fight, or is the result of a domestic injury, you can treat it on your own using simple antiseptics. Erosion or suppuration for no apparent reason is a serious ground for contacting a specialist.