Any problems with cat’s tongue require immediate treatment. Painful sensations characteristic of this phenomenon will interfere with the normal nutrition of an animal, which threatens the pet with depletion and dehydration. Moreover, infectious/viral diseases can bring complications and lethal outcome.
A visit to a veterinary clinic for laboratory tests and a checkup of the pet is the first thing a caring owner should do upon noticing an abnormity.
It is a dangerous airborne viral disease. External symptoms:
- Considerably increased body temperature with fever and its subsequent normalization after 3-4 days:
- transparent discharge from the nose and eyes, that later become grayish-green with a strong odor;
- excessive salivation;
- mouth cavity is covered with liquid-filled sores, gums are swollen;
- refusal of food, lethargy, diarrhea.
Note!If left untreated, the disease progresses: coughing, sneezing, panting, pneumonia, pulmonary edema, inflammation of the brain, and a week later – death.
Another type of calcivirosis is a chronic one, which manifests itself with symptoms of RIA, but with a sharp decrease in immunity, an exacerbation begins.
It is an inflammatory disease affecting the oral cavity. The causes of the disease are not fully understood.A characteristic sign is pain when trying to open the mouth. Also salivation, difficulty in swallowing and gradual refusal of food, weakness can be observed. Upon examination, a white film on the tongue and gums, inflammation, puffiness, in the advanced stage even purulent ulcers can be detected. But even these symptoms do not allow an unequivocal diagnosis, and the condition still requires a comprehensive examination that will rule out possibility of other viral and infectious diseases, as well as kidney and liver diseases.
Senior cats, those over 10–12 years old, may suffer from this most severe disease, and the reasons for its appearance have not been fully studied. Surgical methods are used for treatment, and early diagnosis allows minimizing the effects of surgery. Symptoms of cancer or carcinoma of the oral cavity are:
- constrained swallowing;
- profuse drooling;
- rejection of food and water;
- weight loss;
- unpleasant odor from the mouth;
- tooth loss;
- a visual puffiness in the tissues around the jaws;
- nose and throat bleeding;
- problems when opening the mouth.
Carcinoma predominantly affects the sublingual areas, throat, palate, gums, forming a festering sores with an erosive nature in the cat’s tongue and the adjacent areas. With the development of the disease, the tumors spread to the lymph nodes and jaw bones.
Diagnosis of the disease is carried out by X-ray, which allows to trace the development of metastases. In extreme cases, tissue analyzes of the affected areas are performed under complete anesthesia. Treatment of carcinoma depends on the stage of the disease and most often surgical removal of infected tissue is undertaken.
Other Possible Causes
Herpes or rhinotracheitis. Viral disease is transmitted through direct contact with the carrier, but begins its destructive development only against the background of an acute immunodeficiency, stress, underlying diseases. Symptoms: runny nose, sneezing, coughing, eyes tearing. The further spread of the disease affects the bronchi and trachea. Diagnosis is carried out after the laboratory tests are performed. If left untreated, a lethal outcome is possible.
Burns Symptoms: refusal of food when without signs of lost appetite, excessive salivation, signs of pain and discomfort. Thermal, chemical or electrical injuries, depending on the severity, cause redness, wounds, ulcers, which can easily become infected and thus be the source of other negative processes.
Viral immunodeficiency. Inflammatory disease, causes weakness, excessive salivation, refusal of food due to severe pain. Ulcers form on the tongue of a cat and in its mouth, an unpleasant smell often appears. External symptoms are similar to stomatitis and calcivirosis.
Taking all the aforesaid into consideration, cat having an ulcer on its tongue is something to worry about. Contacting the clinic at the first symptoms, in some cases, can save a pet’s life.