Every cat may face with swelling of tail. In some occasions, the root of case does no present danger to life or health of the animal. But, there are some cases when a symptom of a severe disease is closely connected with a malignant tumor process. Oncology is especially well-spread in pets after the age of 12 years. It is a pity, but hardly ever the course of the process is asymptomatic. The problem discovers on advanced stage.
What Do Vets Think?
The veterinarians will palpate and explore the appearance of the tail first of all. Only in such way it is possible to exclude harmless situations as stings or allergic rashes. In complicated cases a number of diagnostic measures are carried out, with the help of which it is possible to determine the nature of the origin of the swelling. Based on the obtained results the following variants for possible pathologies are considered:
- Trauma. Burn, cold injury or jamming of a tail may be followed not only by redness, but a severe puffy swelling. If this does not happen, then it is better to show the pet to the veterinarian for radiography. If open wounds are presented on animal’s skin, it is necessary to treat it with antiseptic.
- Abscess. It may occur on each part of the tail. The skin swells and turns red in the area of formation. With the course of the process, the abscess can reach to the size of a hazelnut. A hallmark is – strong pain when touching. Blood clots and pus gather inside of pearl. In the majority of cases, abscesses erupt on their own, the main point is to conduct an antiseptic treatment in time and clean the cave from pus. In a bad situations, (severe pain, fever) the best solution would be to seek help from a surgeon who will perform an autopsy and drain the wound. In some occasions it is obligatory to use antibiotic course in treatment.
- Eosinophilic granuloma. When the lesions are localized on the oral mucosa, they look like ulcers. In most scenarios, eosinophilic granuloma looks like red pea-sized sores on body. If the cat has a swollen tail, and under fur are red formation, it is necessary to exclude the chance of eosinophilic granuloma. A diagnosis can only be confirmed by histological determination. The situation is more complicated with distinguishing of ultimate cause, because this disease is not fully explore, but it is closely associated with allergies. That is why many veterinarians who suspect an eosinophilic granuloma recommend first switching to a different feed and exclude plastic objects (bowl, toys) from everyday life of the animal. There are good chances that all symptoms would remit without any treatment actions. In complicated cases hormone therapy in combination with a vitamin complex may be prescribed.
- Insect stings. In the first instance it is necessary to exclude the possibility of existence of parasites. Namely fleas that may be found even with a domestic cat that never goes outside from its home. A pet’s tail may swell from flea bites and other parts of body. White and black grains may also be present in the fur. The distinctive features – are a strong itching and disorderly behavior. The best decision dealing with problem would be unscheduled treatment with anti-parasitic drugs of all animals living in the same house. In the majority of cases, the remedy are applied to the withers of the pet and are evenly distributed from the neck to the base of the tail. In the spring and summer, the likelihood of seasonal insect bites cannot be ruled out (gadfly, flies, mosquitoes, ants and even ticks). After these, the cat’s tail may also swell. This is especially true for stings of stinging insects(wasps, bees). After such stings the skin swells and turns red. In the most scenarios, all symptoms go away within a few hours. With severe edema, an antihistamine can be given to the animal. It is necessary to be careful with bites in the larynx and tongue, which require immediate hospitalization of the pet, as there is a serious risk of asphyxiation.
There are a lot of variants why cat’s tail may swell. But the most important – is to react rapidly and visit a veterinarian to exclude dangerous outcomes.