How to Perform First Aid if Cat’s Nose Swells?


24.05.2020
62

If nose swells in cat without any visible injures, but pet feels fine in this situation, there is a chance, that this is a simple swelling after a small collision with a solid object. Usually it heals by its own without setting up any significant discomfort to the animal during several days. But, on no account, master should ignore the same symptom if the pet along with puffiness has blood, clear nasal discharge, salivation, coughing and sneezing. That is all may be a sign of respiratory disease development.

A Detailed Description of the Most Frequently Occurred Reasons

In in little kitten nose is swollen and she sneeze, master should consider variants with chlamydia, viral rhinotracheitis and herpes. In a grown-up cat the same symptom is more often associated with allergic reactions, that can induce redness and severe itching. According to accompanying symptoms (if they are present) the following possible diseases can be confirmed or excluded:

  1. Eosinophilic granulomas. Because of this phenomenon, a cat’s nose can swell greatly, skin redden, and even bleeding ulcers may occur. Eosinophilic granulomas may be found in each cats at any age, but always proceed in different way. If there is no itching, then a lot of veterinarians recommend observing the problem area, as there is a good chance that formations will pass by themselves without any treatment. It is more difficult in situations when lesions are present not only on the noses, chin or lips, but also on the oral mucous. Nearly always such damages accompanied by severe pain, because of which the pet may even refuse to eat. At the early stage, eosinophilic granuloma can be confused with a sore, which usually appear after mosquito and flies bites. During the process with swelling may occur redness and itching, due to which the animal begins to scratch the affected area to blood. In such cases, treatment is carried out without fail, as there is a risk to complicate the process with bacterial infection. For the diagnosis, a cytological and histological determination of the materials taken from the lesions is carried out. As to reason of appearance of granuloma, in 90% of cases they are associated with various types of allergies. Diagnosis and selection of treatment should be carried out by a dermatologist, after explaining to the master of the animal that if the root cause provoking the appearance of eosinophilic granulomas is not excluded, the effect of therapy will be temporary. With single lesions, it is possible to deal without changing the brand of feed and excluding all plastic items (bowls, toys, etc.) from everyday life. With multiple, long non-healing ulcers, hormone therapy is used for a long time.
  2. Insect bites. In the most scenarios a cat’s nose swells after a wasp sting, especially for young individuals who are just getting to know the world around them. Some cats catch, play and even try to eat wasps and bees, that quite often ends with a bite, severe swelling and redness. Unfortunately, it is difficult to avoid, as in the spring and summer, even house cats may be stung by insects. In such situations, the master can only identify the problem in a timely manner and provide all necessary assistance, and if it is necessary, visit a veterinarian with pet. Such cases include situations where there is a risk of asphyxia (the bite fell on the area of the larynx, tongue or neck). In all other cases it is enough to remove the sting from the area of the bite (if it is present there) and observe the animal for several hours (usually puffiness disappears within 1-3 hours). It is very important for the cat to have free access to fresh water as thirst increases in such cases. Masters of decorative breeds prone to allergic reactions can be given an antihistamine for their animals.
  3. Allergic reaction. In the majority cases cat may face with chemical allergy caused by some substances. For food allergies, redness, itching and rash are more characteristic. But the skin reaction because of poisons, oil products can result in the formation of severe edema and even a burn. That is why if a cat’s nose swells after sniffing a washing powder or other household chemicals, then a good variant would be to give the animal an antihistamine that reduces the reaction.

Swollen Nose in Cat Photos

Do not forget that a cat’s nose can swell after a collision with hard surfaces or falling from a height. Small hematomas heal on their own within a few days.


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