Even if there is a large amount of fur in a cat, you can immediately notice if its upper or lower eyelid is swollen. Symptoms such as a hair loss in the affected areas, the appearance of redness of the skin and increased attention of the animal to the problem location can also attract the master’s attention. This can be expressed in different ways, some pets walk around and “wipe” the corners with their muzzles, thereby sniffing at them, others with special zeal scratch themselves apart to blood, as the itching can be very strong.
The List of Possible Reasons
It is the most dangerous if the cat has a swollen eyelid after taking the drug. This symptom may indicate an allergic reaction to one of the components that make up the drug. In the best case, everything will end well, swelling will subside within a day, the itching will not be severe. In the worst case, you will have to go to the vet clinic, as redness of the skin, vomiting and diarrhea may appear. All other cases are usually associated with the following reasons:
- Trauma. The eyelid is considered to be such a section of the body for which a small blow is enough for the swelling. Unsuccessful landing during a fall, a hit on a door jamb, scratches from the claws of other animals – all this can lead to a cat’s eyelid swelling, redness of skin and even hair falling out around the eye. Most injuries heal without the use of any means within a few days. You only need to worry about wounds that have been bleeding for a long time or have begun to fester.
- Burn. Due to touching something hot, the cat can also swell the eyelid to a significant size. Together with the edema, redness and a bleeding ulcer may appear. This happens after contact with a kettle, iron, pipes. Typically, such injuries haunt kittens, as they learn the world through contact with new objects. Burns heal quickly, even without the use of drugs. It is more difficult when blisters with gray liquid appear on the burn site, because such wounds already require the use of anti-inflammatory and regenerating ointments. Third-degree burns require immediate hospitalization, and, given the location, there is a risk of complete loss of vision. In no case do not allow the pet to scratch the wound, even if it is covered with a crust, as there is a risk of developing a bacterial infection.
- Bites. In the majority of cases, a cat’s eyelid may swell after being bitten by stinging insects. In urban conditions, wasps usually occur; in rural areas, pets often suffer from bee stings, especially in the spring. It is impossible to protect the animal from all dangers, but in most cases one bite in childhood is enough to prevent the cat from meeting wasps and bees throughout life. But, you need to understand that a swollen eyelid can put pressure on the cornea, thereby causing discomfort in the animal. Very often, because of this, pets scratch their eyes to blood, which can lead to corneal injury, conjunctivitis or uveitis. So during the healing period it is necessary to be extremely careful, and it is best to put a protective cap on the cat’s neck, which will prevent it from harming itself. Smearing is not recommended, as almost always all the symptoms go away on their own within a few hours. The only thing you need is to pay special attention to the sting, which can remain in the bite. It needs to be removed, this can be done with tweezers.
- Foreign object. This rarely happens, but you need to keep in mind that may swell the eyelid in cat due to splinter under the skin. Most often these are plant seeds, needles from cacti or weeds, less often fragments of glass or plastic. It is bad that the masters notice the problem even when a swelling or redness appears. And the animal, meanwhile, experiences severe discomfort and can comb the affected area to the blood. If you remove the splinter before the onset of inflammation, then it will be enough to disinfect the wound with an antiseptic solution. If there is inflammation, then it is better to show the cat to the veterinarian so that he prescribes a drug. If it gets into the eyes (there is a high probability of this), does not irritate the mucous membrane.
- Allergy. It can develop after taking medication, an insect bite (wasp, bee, flea, mosquito, gadfly and even a fly). Together with the edema appear redness and severe itching, due to which the animal can scratch the problem area to the blood. In some cases, small blisters appear on the skin, hard to the touch. You need to understand that there are short-term reactions (to insect bites) and long-term (the allergen is found in feed or toys). The only effective option is the exclusion of the allergen from the pet’s everyday life. Symptoms are relieved by antihistamines.
If the kitten has a very swollen eyelid and there are symptoms of a respiratory disease, then it is better not to risk and exclude the likelihood of chlamydia, calicivirus and herpes.