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Every pet owner feels worried when the pet is sick. He/she wants to help quickly and efficiently, but there is not always enough knowledge and experience. It is especially difficult when the cause of the disease is unknown. One of the conditions of a pet that cause a lot of questions from the cats’ owners is a swollen cheek. The sweet snout turns to be full of suffering. There can be many reasons for why cat has swollen cheek. The most popular are:
- Insects bites;
- Dental problems;
- Oral cancer.
If the cat has swollen cheek you need to visit a vet urgently. Having determined the cause of the animal’s disease, he/she will prescribe the treatment. Many diseases of the mouth are treated quite successfully in the early stages. If the therapy is ineffective or completely absent, the disease will inevitably develop to a severe pathological condition. You can avoid such problems by conducting regular inspection of the animal at the vet.
The Swollen Cheek on Cat Due to Insects Bites
Insects most often cause troubles to cats – mites, fleas, wasps and bees. It is their bites that give the most unpleasant sensations. It is bad, if the bite is in the muzzle, especially on the cheek. The affected area is very itchy. The animal feels pain. Veterinarians detect an insect bite, if:
- Swollen cheek on cat occur;
- There is an anaphylactic reaction.;
- There is redness of the bite;
- Rash appears in the form of blisters;
- Increases body temperature as a result of poisoning by toxic substances;
- Breathing passages swelling;
In some cases, when the animal has receive got multiple bites, a severe allergic reaction can develop, it may even lead to death. In this case, a swollen cheek is the first symptom indicating that the pet may be seriously injured. It is necessary to start treatment. Treatment of allergic reactions arising from insect bites includes taking antihistamines, among them are Suprastin, Claritin, Cetrine. The use of drugs containing dexamethasone, supplemented with decongestants is also prescribed. Furosemide is well tolerated by cats. In the clinic the animal gets oxygen inhaling, the drugs and droppers designated by the veterinarian. Only in the case of successful treatment the condition of the cat turns to the norm and the swelling of the cheek will decline.
Infectious inflammatory diseases often lead to the fact that the cat’s cheek swollen and eyes festering. The list of diseases is quite large:
- Gingiva disease is a common case of problems in the oral cavity of cats. It is caused by viral infections: cat calcevirus, herpes, cat immunodeficiency virus and cat leukemia. Among the symptoms are loss of appetite, bad breath, enlarged lymph nodes and abundant salivation.
- Stomatitis. Localized most often in the gums and throat. The sick cat cannot open its mouth due to swollen cheeks and pain. In the long course of the disease cats lose weight because they eat a little due to the fear of pain. The main methods of treatment – removal of some of the teeth, treatment of the oral cavity with antiseptic drugs and antibiotics.
- Dental abscess (flux). Localized in the periosteal coverage and root of the tooth. If you the disease is on the advance stage, the cat’s jaw may get deformed. Loss of most of the teeth is also possible. At different stages of the development of the disease, only soft tissues are affected, or directly the tooth and its root. The tooth is most often subject to removal. An abscess is a very painful condition for a cat. In addition, the inflammation may spread to other organs, pus in the eyes and ears appear.
Photo of Swollen Cheeks on the cat
Oral Cancer as the Cause of the Tumor
Among all cancers in cats oral cancer is about 3 % of all cases. Young cats fall ill rarely. Types of tumors observed in cats are as follows:
- Squamous cell carcinoma (70% of cases).
- Fibrosarcoma (20 %).
Cancer of the tongue goes to the surrounding tissue and bones. Symptoms are typical for cancer of the oral cavity: problems when swallowing, excessive salivation and shortness of breath. Treatment is most often surgical, accompanied by chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Note!If a cat has a swollen cheek because of the cancer, the treatment will be difficult. The disease has probably gone too far. The use of conserved fodder and smoking owner may cause the disease. Tobacco smoke accumulates in the wool and animal poisons.
The quality of treatment of an animal depends not only on accurate treatment, but also on how quickly the owner noticed a swelling cheek. When the first signs of deviation from the norm appear, you should immediately to go to the vet.