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The lower lips of cats swell quite often, and there are many reasons why this happens. That is why it is much more difficult to diagnose the disease at home. In each case, a certain treatment is required, and sometimes the malaise can pass on its own. In order to avoid incorrect diagnosis it is better to consult a veterinarian. Only a specialist can choose the necessary medicines and their dosage.
Bottom Lip Inflammation
If you noticed that a cat has swollen bottom lip, you need to inspect it for wounds, burns, and other distinguishing features. It is better to show the pet to a vet, to find out the cause and begin treatment. But this is not always possible. In this case, it is necessary to conduct an independent inspection. If the cause could be established at home, you should consult with a veterinarian about the treatment. In most cases, it could be carried out on your own. Unauthorized medications can be detrimental to your pet’s health, therefore, only a specialist could prescribe a therapy.
The following factors may provoke inflammation of the bottom lip in cats:
- Burns. They cause severe inflammation, which causes swollen bottom lip in cats. Burns can be chemical, electrical or thermal. The latter option is rare, as cats usually do not touch hot water and food. But sometimes animals can lick a hot pan if it smells good. Chemical burns occur due to exposure to various toxic substances, household products. In this case, the complete poisoning of the body may occur. Electric burns appear if the pet is biting the wires under voltage. They can lead not only to a tumor, but also to death.
- Injuries and bites cause swelling, but they can be distinguished by their appearance. When bite of an insect, you can see the sting or the affected area itself. If the pet licked a bowl with sharp edges or gnawed bones, it is fraught with damage to the soft tissues of the bottom lip, wounds can be found during examination. The animal can damage the lip in a fight or during a game, especially if it goes outside or contacts with other animals.
- Neoplasms in the oral cavity in cats are rare and have distinctive features. The bottom lip of the pet can swell from squamous cell carcinoma, more often it is of malignant type. In this case the animal is constantly flowing saliva, non-healing ulcers appear on the mucous membrane of the mouth and a strong odor occurs. The rapid growth of malignant cells leads to swollen bottom lip in cats and lymph nodes swelling. The treatment is complicated and usually ineffective. Benign tumors can be removed surgically.
- An allergic reaction often causes the increase in size of the bottom lip of the pet. The cause can be food, pollen, parasites, plants, household chemicals and other irritants. In this case, accurate detection of the allergen is necessary to eliminate contact of the animal with it.
- Dry food may also be the reason why the cat has swollen bottom lip if the animal has not eaten such a hard food before. When transferring a cat to this type of food, a corn may appear on the lower lip, and then inflammation and swelling. It is necessary to exclude such food from the diet of the pet.
- Gingivitis causes swelling of the lips. In this case, inflammation of the gums occurs and there is a bright red rim around the teeth. You can see the constant salivation and bad breath of the animal, lack of appetite due to pain. This disease occurs in acute form or is chronic. That is often a consequence of serious health problems in cats (hepatic or renal failure, diabetes mellitus). Gingivitis requires urgent treatment, the inaction of the owner results in the loss of the pet’s teeth.
- Fungal stomatitis occurs due to a decrease in the immune system of the body or long-term treatment with certain types of drugs. It is characterized by a white plaque in the oral cavity, which causes a strong inflammatory process.
- Eosinophilic granuloma-an allergic reaction to the components of the diet or insect bites of different species. It manifests itself directly in the oral cavity, affecting the lips and mucous membranes. It is possible to define it by tumors of the bottom lip, dark pink hue and bright, small bubbles. Externally, the picture is similar to the initial stage of herpes in humans. In this disease it is important to determine the allergen and to provide the animal with the full course of treatment.
- Calcivirosis is manifested by swelling of the lips, ulceration appears on the mucous membranes and in the oral cavity, the body temperature rises, conjunctivitis, lameness may occur. Pet refuses of food and becomes lethargic. This is an infectious disease, but any cat who recover from them, is a carrier of the virus. Complex treatment is required.
- Acne in cats occurs periodically, it can be distinguished by black spots on the site of inflammation. In this case, the tumor from the lip will subside on its own, but it is worth paying attention to how often the cat has this problem. In a single case, do not worry, but if rashes appear systematically, it is necessary to find out the cause and conduct a course of treatment for the pet.
Photo of Cats with Swollen Bottom Lip
Treatment of Inflammation
Therapy is prescribed by a specialist depending on the cause of the problem. If the pet lip is swollen because of the shift to hard food, it is enough to change the diet. In order to eliminate the inflammatory process faster, you can anoint the affected area with the healing medication, for example, Safroderm gel, Sanatol, Ranosan, Septogel. They are also used for injuries and burns of the mucous membrane. Also Bioseptin, tungsten Sanghel, Travmatin, Levomekol are used. You can choose medications in the form of ointment, gel, spray or powder. In case of allergic reaction to the bite you can use antihistamines to alleviate the condition of the animal. Suprastin is prescribed for cats, you can give a quarter of a tablet once a day (the dosage is designed for an adult animal). Also Pipelin, Hydroxyzine, Diphenhydramine, Chlorpheniramine and other drugs are used. If food allergy occurs, it is necessary to determine the irritant as soon as possible. To do this, you should change the cat’s diet and monitor the reaction of the body to each product. Sometimes it is enough to change the food to the one of higher quality.
Note!Malignant tumors are treated in a clinic, usually chemotherapy, strong painkillers, radiation therapy and other procedures are prescribed. Benign tumor is removed surgically, followed by a long course of rehabilitation therapy.
Infectious, viral and fungal diseases can be cured only after visiting the clinic and passing the necessary tests. The vet will prescribe the most effective treatment and suitable medications. Most often for cats they use:
- anti-fungal drugs (Furgin Forte (solution), Fungivet cream, Zoomicol (aerosol), Imaverol (emulsion), YAM BC (ointment), Dermicotsyd (solution for injection);
- antibiotics (Lincomycin, Baitril, Clamoxyl, Dexamethasone, Sinulox, Amoxicillin, Gentamicin, Levamisone);
- antiviral drugs (Kamedon, Forvet, Ribaflox, Anadin, Fosprenil, Kanamycin).
Any drug should be prescribed by a qualified vet. The dosage is selected individually, depending on the disease, age, general condition, weight and other factors. It is necessary to treat the cat timely in order to avoid complications.