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Sphynx cats are quite a popular cat breed distinguished by high intellect, good memory and affection to their owners. And although they don’t have usual cat hair, they also suffer from various skin diseases along with other breeds of cats. Therefore, there may intermittently appear spots on Sphynx skin. Let’s first deal with the reasons for this phenomenon.
The Causes of the Emergence of Spots
Speaking about the causes of spots on the skin of Sphynx, it’s worth noting that they can be different. So, the following factors can lead to the development of pathology:
- Fungal diseases.
Let’s consider how it is manifested and how you can cure spots in each particular case.
Dermatitis is a direct result of contact with a particular allergen and can be accompanied by the appearance of ulcers or eosinophilic granulomas (pink-yellow plaques in the mouth or on the thighs). Besides, allergic symptoms can include the usual skin symptoms – redness, dandruff, and itching in neck, ears or somewhere else. Animal scratches itchy places, which results in wounds and eczema on its body. To cope with dermatitis is possible by reducing contact with potential allergens. A cat should be on a hypoallergenic diet (mutton and rice), for facilitating its general state you can use antihistamines and steroid drugs.
Photo of Sphynx with Spots on Skin
Vasculitis of the skin is a pathology accompanied by inflammation of the vascular walls and develops against the background of:
- Infections (mycoplasma, staphylococcus, viruses, streptococci, fungi);
- Use of certain medicines (antibiotics, B vitamins, sulfonamides, dyes);
- Stresses related to exhibitions, transporting, etc.
- Changes in hormonal balance.
Black spots on Sphynx skin (not necessarily black) associated with the intake of drugs appear 7–20 days after the use of preparations.
Rememmber!Vasculitis started against the background of hormonal changes or stressful situations takes place in several stages. Over 2–5 days there appear spots, and then – in 1–2 weeks – they disappear.
Manifestations of the disease in this case are largely dependent on the sex and color of an animal – there are several types of vasculitis in cats:
The telangiectatic type is diagnosed, as a rule, in cats which are involved in breeding. Pathology is accompanied by the appearance of pinkish or brownish-red spots on the skin of the Sphynx. Spots are formed on the sides, back, stomach, legs and on the groin (occasionally on the head and ears) and as time goes by increase in size, coalesce and become indistinct and blurred. The animal doesn’t feel any discomfort.
The livedo-type is diagnosed, as a rule, in cats having a creamy-blue or red shades. The beginning of the disease is characterized by the appearance of vascular network along the spine, in the scapula area and the neck. After several days there appear bluish spots which are covered with small nodules and hemorrhages over time.
The eczematous type develops regardless of the color and sex of a cat and begins with the appearance of small spots on the hind legs or tail. The affected area swells and reddens, there appear papules and crusts. The animal experiences severe scratches and itching its skin, damaging it and thus contributing to the secondary fungal and staphylococcal infection (in this case, spots quickly spread up along the limbs, moving on later to the stomach). The polymorphic type is manifested by lesions peculiar to the above-mentioned pathologies. Therapy for vasculitis is aimed for strengthening the immune system, prevention of stress, and reduction of the severity of manifestations on the skin.
Fungal infections (Trichophytia and Microsporia) are manifested by the appearance of red big spots on Sphynx skin. They are covered with crusts and scales. Treatment of the disease involves the use of internal and external antifungals.
In the vast majority of cases, forecasts for treatment of spots on Sphynx skin, regardless of the reasons they were caused by, are quite favorable.