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If breeders want their cat to always be healthy and cheerful, they must carefully monitor their pet’s health. It’s a mistake to think that pets don’t need any proper care or that many different problems or diseases will steer clear of your car. You should pay close attention to visual organs of your cat because it is them that can tell you a lot about the whole health condition of your cat in the first place. Oftentimes cat owners might notice a spot on the cat eye, they don’t know, however, what action they should take when they see this symptom.
The Reasons why Such Spots Appear on the Cat’s Eye
Cloudy spot on the cat eye may appear due to a trauma of the cornea of the eye. Sometimes you can see one black spot or spots of other colours, clusters of them or just a one big blemish, a small blotch or milky white film on the surface of the eye. If such a spot appeared on the cornea of the eye, it might be a signal that a cat or a dog is also having their visual acuity lowering.
The main reasons for spots on the eye to form are the following pathological conditions:
- Damage of the cornea of the eye. This might be related to certain pathological processes of inflammatory or infectious nature in your pet eye. Another reason for spots to occur is traumas;
- Opacity of intraocular fluid. This condition might appear as a result of white blood cell accumulation, as well as clustering of proteins or lipids;
- Clouding of the lens of the eye during cataract development;
- Diseases of the vitreous body of the eye.
Many people think that spot on the cornea is just a mark on the surface, but it is not the case. The origin of the disease is vast, and sometimes the symptoms leading to the disease and the disease itself can be very serious.
Types of the Spots
Spots appearing on the eye are not always white, they can come in many colours. They not necessarily appear overnight. Moreover, it might take years for them to develop (2-3 years usually). And it takes time for the owner to notice any changes on the surface of the eye of their cat or dog. As the spot growths and becomes more defined, it is easier to distinguish it. There are different sorts of spots:
- Light spots. These kinds of spots may occur if there are any problems with spine, neuralgia-related problems, radicular pains, neurosis, psychosis, kidney and liver damage;
- Brown spot on cat eye. Sometimes accompanied by shades of red. These are the ones formed after infectious diseases;
- Dark spot on cat eye. These spots appear due to oncological diseases;
- All shades of red. If a cat has a red spot in the eye, this might occur as a reaction to enzymatic changes of the pet’s liver;
- Collection of brown pigment often referred to as “tobacco dust” or “Shafer’s sign”. These symptoms appear along with constipation, chronic colitis, and diseases of pancreas.
If you spot a white blotch on your cat’s eye, you should also pay close attention to additional symptoms that accompany this blotch:
- lowering of visual acuity;
- sudden nervousness and grumpiness of a cat that wasn’t noticed before;
- frequent aggressive behaviour without any reason;
- disturbance of muscular coordination;
- reoccurring cross-eye;
- presence of discharge from the eye;
- redness of the eyes and intense cornea swelling.
Photo of Cat’s with Spots on Eye
Diagnosis and Treatment
If the cornea is becoming foggy, there is no need to diagnose the disease yourself. If you spot any blemishes in the eye of your pet, take your pet to a vet clinic for examination, preferably to a vet eye doctor. During examination, your pet will undergo some procedures.
- The vet will collect samples in order to further examine them. These samples include blood chemistry test, general blood test, and blood serological test;
- Measure intraocular pressure of your cat’s eye;
- Make cytologic analysis;
- Conduct microscopic scraping examination;
- Take swab smears for culture test;
- Analysis of intraocular fluid.
Darkening of the iris can be cured only by a veterinarian according to the results of the examination. Treatment can include the following procedures:
- Bathe the eyes with metrogyl;
- Parenteral gamavit infusion;
- Pigments could be solved with tetracycline ointment ;
- If the blemish is the symptom of glaucoma, your pet will probably need a surgery.
It is essential that a veterinary specialist provides the treatment. Otherwise, treating your pet yourself, you can do a lot of harm to your cat. It is better not to self-cure your pet but to take your cat to a vet’s examination as soon as you notice something unusual in your pet’s eye. Oftentimes any spot in the eye is a sign of some serious problems with health. Early treatment could prevent dangerous consequences to your pet’s health and well-being.