The owners of small kittens often face the problem of sore eyes in pets. This problem is caused by improper hygiene and irrepressible curiosity of the pet, as the result of which, dust and foreign objects get into the eyes. This causes the appearance of secretion. If cat has sore eyes accompanied by additional symptoms, should examine the pet for viral and bacterial diseases.
Sour eyes can be treated at home, if the problem is caused by foreign objects or ordinary irritation of the mucosa. In all other cases, you should visit a veterinarian. Possible causes of thick eye discharge in cats:
- allergic reaction;
- eye injury;
- fungal, viral and bacterial diseases;
- eye disease;
- parasites in the body.
Parasitic affections of the eye often occur in young kittens. The problem is caused by a large number of worms and the general weakness of the kitten’s body. Usually, the extensive affection is accompanied by lethargy, lack of appetite, nausea and vomiting. Eyes sour with thick mass of light color, odor is absent.
Note!In case of allergic reactions, the formation of crusts on the muzzle of a cat is possible. Eyes look inflamed, there is abundant lacrimation. A pet can sneeze, shake its head and try to rub its eyes with its paw.
With systemic fungal infections, a thick discharge may appear in the corners of the eyes. Usually the exudate is of light colors. It can irritate the mucous membranes of the eyes and provoke swelling. The animal at this time feels itchy and behaves restlessly. In viral and bacterial diseases, there are always specific symptoms, such as fever, diarrhea, general weakness and loss of strength. One of the characteristic manifestations of systemic affection of the body is pain in the eyes and conjunctivitis, in which the cat’s eyes turn brown.
Eye Diseases in Cats
The appearance of light exudate in cats may indicate increased intraocular pressure, conjunctivitis or cataract. Conjunctivitis is rarely an independent disease, and often accompanies viral diseases and infections. This is manifested by swelling and redness of the eyes, the release of yellowish or greenish mucus, which glues the eyelids of the animal. Conjunctivitis causes severe itching and discomfort in cats, in connection with which the animal tries to scratch its eyes with its paw. This can lead to the formation of crusts and mucosal damage.
Cataract is an age-related disease that manifests itself by clouding the lens of the eye. Pathology occurs in animals older than 7 years. Typical symptoms are sore eyes on cats, the formation of film on the cornea, blurred vision. Cataract is not accompanied by discomfort, so nothing would disturb the cat except the sour eyes. If sore eyes on cats are black, the reason should be a tick-borne eye disease. Sick and weakened animals often face such disease. Also, black discharge can be a consequence of systemic infections and malignant tumors.
What to Do in Case of Injury?
Cats treat their eyes carefully. They do not let dust or foreign objects to get into the eyes. However, free walks on the street are a factor that increases the risk of injury. In addition to the dust and dirt, outside the house a pet may encounter insects getting into the eye or damage the cornea during the fight with other cats. Eye injuries in cats are accompanied by redness and lacrimation. Usually this does not affect the behavior of the animal. The cat does not lose appetite and behaves as usual. The appearance of microtrauma or scratches on the cornea is accompanied by the release of liquid exudate. In this case, there is a risk of infection of the eye and the development of conjunctivitis.
It is quite easy to help the pet at home. It is enough to wash the eyes with water or a decoction of herbs. With minor injuries, this will be enough, with severe injuries, you should also use antibacterial drops to prevent infection. You should not use any medical drops without consultation of the vet. In case of sore eye on cat you should do the following:
- Remove the crusts around the eyes.
- Rinse eyes and the skin around them with water.
- Conduct antiseptic treatment.
- Use the drops.
For the purification of the eyes and the skin around them, you can use plain water, weak green tea, chamomile teas, calendula or St. John’s wort (1 teaspoon of plant per cup of water). From medications furacilin is applied (1 tablet per glass of water), a weak solution of manganese or any antiseptic agent diluted with water in proportions 1:5. Treatment is carried out twice a day, in addition, you should use drops with anti-inflammatory properties from the veterinary pharmacy. It is necessary to consult a doctor if after 2-3 days of treatment the symptoms have not decreased.