The appearance of crusts, wounds or non – healing erosions on the animal’s head is an alarming signal that indicates health problems. Scratches on cat’s face appear most often for two reasons – dermatitis or an allergic reaction to food.
What do Wounds Look Like?
Quite a common problem in young animals is the appearance of wounds on the lips, eyebrows less commonly – on the neck. Most often, they are localized around the mouth, which allows you to suspect an allergic reaction. Crusts on the ears and under them appear with dermatitis, lichen, or may be a consequence of otitis. It is quite simple to distinguish a skin disease from inflammation of the ears. When otitis a cat feels pain, does not touch the head, pus is released from the ear canal. Inflammatory diseases cause the animal to comb ears to crusts, while skin erosion pathologies appear regardless of mechanical action.
In most cases, the wounds are dense crust or wet erosion. The wool grows both from the scab and under it. This can be seen when removing it from the skin. It is possible to diagnose the disease accurately only after series of examinations. First of all, it is necessary to make a test for lichen. In veterinary clinics, this is done by a special lamp and with study of scraping from the affected area.
Allergic Reaction as a Cause of Rashes
Quite often scratches on cat’s face appear in response to a change of food. It does not matter what the pet is fed with – natural food or dry food. Allergic reactions can occur in any animal, but the risk group is:
- Kittens up to three months;
- Animals weakened by the disease;
- Cats that have recently changed owners;
- Older animals;
Allergy in kittens is associated with malnutrition. Often the appearance of wounds around the mouth is observed in the first days after the appearance of a kitten in a new house. This is due to the fact that the animal’s body is simply not ready to shift sharply from mother cat’s milk to “adult” food, fish or meat.
Allergic dermatitis around the mouth can also appear in adult animals that have changed owners. Primarily this is due to the stress experienced by the cat during the first days in the new house. The situation is aggravated if other animals live in the family. In addition, the new owners may simply not know what a pet was previously fed with, and a sharp change of diet against the background of stress contributes to the development of an allergic reaction.
Note!A sudden change in the usual diet can also adversely affect the health of a cat who has recently suffered a disease, or an elderly animal. The weakened body quickly reacts by an allergic reaction and the formation of scratch on cat’s face.
The peculiarity of the manifestation of food allergy in cats is the absence of itching. If the scratch on cat’s face is not itchy and do not cause any discomfort to the animal, and its appearance is related to changing the food – you can be 90% sure that it is a hypersensitivity reaction.
It is easy to treat allergic reactions. It is necessary to give the animal any antihistamine, after consulting with a veterinarian about the permissible dosages. This can be done over the phone, but only if the owner is confident in the nature of rashes in the animal. Next, you need to change the diet, returning to the usual food for the cat, or replacing food with hypoallergenic food or sparing natural food.
Dermatitis in Cats
Dermatitis is a disease of the epidermis, mainly of inflammatory nature. The pathology can be provoked by the action of fungi or pathogenic bacteria, which most often appear in weakened animals. Under risk are older cats, animals with a deficiency disease and any chronic diseases in anamnesis.
Quite often people who picked up a street kitten face dermatitis. Such a disease in this case is due to a lack of vitamins due to the lack of normal nutrition in a stray animal. This leads to a weakening of the immune system and the development of dermatitis.
Remember!A characteristic feature of this group of diseases is itching in the area of rashes. If the cat has sores with crust and the pet is restless and constantly trying to comb out the scabs, the probable cause of such symptom is dermatitis.
Dermatitis can appear in response to the bites of fleas, ticks or mosquitoes, a fungal infection. Strong immunity of a healthy animal independently copes with these phenomena, but with the weakening of the body, on the cat’s face, neck and ears scratches appear. As a rule, in young animals up to a year dermatitis is associated with the activity of parasites, and in older cats, over 6-7 years – with autoimmune reactions. Dermatitis is treated in several stages:
- It is necessary to identify and eliminate the cause of inflammation of the epidermis and the formation of corrosion and erosion.
- For wound healing, medications for outward application are used – shampoos, solutions, ointments. In addition, antiseptic treatment is carried out, which prevents the increase in the size of the scab.
- In autoimmune reactions, medications for internal administration are prescribed. For weakened animals vats prescribe vitamin supplements to normalize the immune system.
You should not treat dermatitis yourself. To combat the disease successfully, it is necessary to identify the cause of its development, which can only be done by a veterinarian in the clinic. It is important to note that with the timely treatment dermatitis will be cured in a few weeks. In the absence of specific therapy, the disease can become chronic.