Redness in cat mouth always mean the presence of an inflammatory process which can be triggered by a fungal and bacterial infection. Especially often this phenomenon can be found in Siamese, British, Persians, Maine Coons and Sphinxes. These breeds refer to high-risk group and require special care for teeth and gums from the first days of life. If not to habituate pet to scheduled dental plaque cleaning procedures from an early age, in the future there may be serious problems with gums caused by calculus.
More Detailed Review of Central Reasons
Nine times out of ten redness in cat’s mouths occur in the period tooth change and in animals after 10 years. It is very difficult to establish a specific reason without visiting a veterinarian. And even specialist may need to have a cytological and histological determination to make an accurate diagnosis. Only in such a way it is possible to exclude or rule in a dangerous pathology connected with oncology. But in the majority of cases the reason lies in the following diseases:
- Eosinophilic granuloma. More recently a highly common disease closely connected to with allergic reaction. Because of i, everything turns red and covers with ulcers in the cat’s mouth. Apart from visual damage strong pain during eating occasions is present. The pet completely refuses first from hard food, and then from any food in severe cases. Ulcers cause an excruciating pain to the animal, that is why hardly manage without visiting a veterinarian. Establishing diagnosis includes determination of a cat and histological determination of cells, taken from ulcer’s surface. Single lesions can be left without treatment, upon condition that symptoms do not interfere animal in eating and cause only slight discomfort. This is because the treatment of eosinophilic granulomas includes long-lasting using of hormonal drugs. In majority of cases along with the use of hormonal drugs, a special diet is selected (usually it is medical feed). It is necessary to understand that eosinophilic granulomas require not only qualified diagnosis and treatment but take under control ultimate cause. All treatment measures without excluding initiating agent will have only a temporary effect.
- Gingivitis. One of the most common reasons of redness in mouth in cat. There are generous amount of precipitating factors in animals. But, frequently it is a lack of oral care and failure of nutrition in pets. In vulnerable group cats with flat muzzle such as Maine Coon, Sphinx and Exot. They have a congenital predisposition to chronic gingivostomatitis. Specific symptoms are: edema, redness and bleeding gums. Moreover a tiny area of gum may turn red near one tooth. In neglected cases a putrid odor from the mouth may be present, which is clearly smells when the pet yawns. The treatment of gingivitis is very complicated because it involves not only combating the existing symptoms, but also taking under control or eliminating the ultimate cause that could provoke the inflammatory process. More often it’s tartar and deep caries. Calculus is removed under anesthesia using ultrasound followed by application of a protective paste to the enamel. This procedure is recommended to be done for cats regularly, that have a congenital predisposition to a chronic gingivitis. Also antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed at veterinarian sole discretion. If neglect the problem, then there is a high risk of complication of the process to such an extent that the animal can not eat on its own. In such cases, removal of all teeth and long-term maintenance therapy may be necessary.
- Teeth change. It worries every cat in different degree, for someone this process does not cause any uncomfortable sensations and proceeds almost asymptomatic. But there are some cases when a teeth change are accompanied by severe pain, redness of mouth, and swelling gums. In this case, the kitten may experience strong pain while eating. Sometimes there is bleeding gums in the areas of teething. The process of changing teeth lasts from 2 to 4 weeks. f any symptoms last longer than this, then you should see a veterinarian to exclude the possibility of infection.
Photo Gallery of Cats with Red Mouths
If the old cat has everything red in its mouth, then first of all owner should look at the condition of the teeth and gums. In young individuals, the same symptom may be a sign of a viral infection, which requires adequate treatment with antibiotics.