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Cat’s ear is a very sensitive organ susceptible to various changes in the animal’s body. If the cat has reddened ears, and especially if any secondary symptoms of a disease are observed, the owner should take the pet to the veterinary clinic as soon as may be. In most cases, redness of ears is a sign of a fever. Lack of timely treatment may lead the animal to a severe condition and even to complete hearing loss.
Possible Causes of the Pathological Condition
The characteristic symptom of reddened ears in cats can be a result of exposure to the following factors:
- Allergic reactions. The symptom may be the result of introduction of new food to the pet’s usual diet, environmental changes, medications intake, and flea saliva. Be sure to contact a veterinary clinic for a more accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Allergic pathologies in cats, just like in humans, are treated quite simply with antihistamines. After the initiation of the therapy, the animal usually feels immediate relief, and the redness in the ears subsides;
- A foreign body in the ear canal. If there is no apparent reason for the redness of a cat’s ear, a visual inspection of the auricle is required. Among other possible causes there is a foreign object being stuck in the auditive passage. As it often happens, grass, plants spicula or small stones get to the pets’s ears while it is outdoors. The foreign body causes severe irritation to the auricle. If the owner is incapable of removing the object from the ear on his own, it is best to consult a doctor to prevent damage to the auditory organ;
- Hematoma. In some cases, the cat has red ears due to an acoustic hematoma. The condition is very painful for the cat, therefore immediate medical tretment is required. Bruises occur as a result of injury due to a bad fall or an injury got in cat fights. The rupture of blood vessels can also happen due to infectious diseases, allergies, as well as parasitic activity of ticks. In these conditions, the cat often begins to scratch its ears, which only leads to even more damage;
- Mange. Ticks and their actively in the ears of a cat, cause otodectes. Ear mange can also cause severe cases of otitis. Related signs include heavy odor from the ears of a pet, a discharge of black – brown mass from the passage, scratching, bruising, head tremor;
- Otitis. An inflammatory process that takes place in the auricle. The cause of the disease can be various factors – allergies, fungus, infection, parasites;
- Solar dermatitis. The cat’s ear is very sensitive to ultraviolet rays. Breeds with white fur are most often affected, but others can also develop the same problem under the scorching sun. At the initial stage, a moderate reddening appears, then skin barks, the fur falls out, and the area may be bruised and injured due to scratching;
- Epidermoid carcinoma of the ear. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays can lead to a malignant tumor developing in the auditory organ. As a result, squamous cell carcinoma is diagnosed. The lesion can be observed on the ears, nose, mouth, eyelids. Lack of treatment leads to metastases in the lymph nodes and lungs. The senior individuals, as well as those with white coat and sphinxes are at risk.
Secondary Symptoms You Should Pay Attention to:
- discharge of purulent fluid from the cavity;
- general irritable disposition of an animal;
- loss of appetite;
- head tremor;
Reddened ears in cats can speak of various pathologies, but the exact diagnosis can only be determined by a qualified specialist on the basis of various test results. If ticks are detected, antiparasitic medications are prescribed. Otitis requires antibiotic treatment. To relieve inflammation and reduce increased body temperature antipyretic drugs are used. In case of cancer, respective special treatment is necessary.
A concerned guardian has to monitor health condition and behavior a pet. If any abnormalities uncharacteristic of a four-legged friend manifest themselves, you should contact your veterinarian as soon as may be.