A lump on a cat’s head may be of a various origin. Still, whenever the symptom appears, the pet’s guardian should never let it go with the flow. Sometimes such growths in a cat indicate serious health issues. Any tumor has its cause. If the cat has developed a lump on its head, possible causes are:
- Hematoma It is one of the most common causes for bumps on a cat’s head. It is a growth that occurs due to mechanical damage that is hidden beneath the skin tissues (bone fracture, rupture of blood vessels, etc.). Blood accumulates under the skin – hence the bump. Hematomas are usually painful, the skin in the sore spot turns red at first, then becomes blue or purple. Small external injuries with dried blood may be visible on the skin surface.
- The cancerous disease is one of the most terrible causes for such a manifestation. Sometimes small lumps that can be observed on the cat’s head are the result of metastases of a malignant tumor. The tubercles are usually quite small and multiple. They can be observed not only on the head, but also on other parts of the cat’s body: legs, neck, etc.
- Lipoma is one of the most innocent causes. It is also known as a ‘fatty growth’. In humans, they are also very common. And they are a reason for cats having soft lumps on their heads. They are nothing but a benign tumor, which rarely turns into a malignant growth.
- Allergy. The manifestation of small lumps on the cat’s head sometimes indicates a negative reaction to some allergy-causing agents. It may be anything: a certain food, dust, tobacco smoke, etc. The bumps are tiny and usually multiple. The skin in the onset of the condition is reddened and itchy.
- An abscess is a purulent inflammation which also may manifest itself in the form of a lump on the cat’s head. These growths are very painful and often are accompanied by fever, deterioration of the general condition of the animal’s body. It may be the result of parasite bites, scratched at till they bleed and catch infection. Sometimes an abscess develops as a result of an unsuccessful injection, when the antiseptic treatment has not been properly applied and pathogenic bacteria have entered the wound.
This is by no means a complete list of possible causes for the occurrence of either soft or hard lumps on the cat’s head. It is difficult for the owner to determine what could have provoked the appearance of the tumor, therefore, it is advisable to show the animal to the doctor as soon as may be, just to make sure.
Diagnosis and Treatment
After performing a visual examination, palpation and studying the pet’s anamnesis a veterinarian will prescribe blood tests to find out why your cat has lump on head. Often, laboratory methods are also required: X-ray or ultrasound. If cancer is suspected, a biopsy has to be performed.
A lump under the skin on the cat’s head is treated in different ways. It all depends on the cause. For example, an abscess may require treatment with antibacterial agents, taking anti-inflammatory drugs, and in difficult cases – opening. Hematoma also needs the use of various ointments and creams that inhibit inflammation and accelerate healing. Surgery is not excluded.
Note!Allergies are treated first by elimination of the irritant, then by administration of antiallergic medications and special ointments. Lipoma is often not left without special treatment at all if it does not grow and does not cause inconvenience to the cat. In other circumstances, surgery is performed.
If the growths on the cat’s head are proved to be metastases, treatment is also rarely prescribed. It is ineffective at this stage of cancer, in which the malignant process has already spread beyond one organ. In most cases, with malignant growths the owners are offered to put the pet to sleep to save it from unnecessary suffering. Fortunately, in kittens and younger animals, cancer is extremely rare. It is usually diagnosed in pets older than 10 years.
Upon finding a bump on the cat’s head, the owner should examine it for its consistency, size, location, etc. Then merely observe the animal for several days. If the neoplasm does not go away on its own or even grows, the cat must be urgently taken to the veterinarian.