It’s hard not to notice, when the cat’s lower jaw shakes, even if you spend little time at home. It is really terrifying symptom, that master would recognize at the first onset. The reason for this phenomenon may have a different nature of origin, starting from injuries sustained during games or fights with other animals, and ending with dental problems. In most occasions, pets under 12 years old are suffer from it. It’s not worth to ignore even a small tremor, as a timely visit to a doctor can cost a pet life!
What Can Cause Appearance of Such Symptom?
More often than not masters should be wary of cases that are associated with kittens 2-4 months age. A shaking lower jaw may be the first sign of epilepsy, that is considered as a genetic, incurable disease. In other cases, the following possible illnesses cannot be ruled out:
- Trauma. Each unsuccessful landing after falling even from a small height can result in serious injury of limbs or head. If cat’s jaw shakes after bump or bruise, it is necessary to show the pet to the veterinarian, to exclude cracks and fractures. Also such a symptom can be observed with subluxations and dislocations of the lower jaw. Along with this, the animal may have a strong salivation, loses ability completely close the mouth, drop out the tongue or chin swelling is present. Dislocations of the jaw in cats are adjusted in the veterinary clinic according to the same rules. A lot will depend on the timeliness of visiting to the doctor, because fresh dislocations are corrected quite easily and without the use of anesthesia. Old injuries already have to be reset with anesthesia and painkillers (which pets do not always experience well pets in old age). Some masters try to reset the dislocation on their own, but without experience and confidence, this manipulation can turn into a terrible pain for a cat.
- Foreign body. If something is stuck into the mucous membrane of the mouth or under the skin on the chin, then there is a high probability of the development of a suppurative process. Before the manifestation of visible symptoms, masters can notice how the cat jerks its lower jaw, trying to get rid of the source of discomfort. And the reason for all the troubles can lie even in a small needle from the cactus, which are often found on the windowsill of many housewives. A high attention is also paid to the mucous membrane inside the oral cavity, as the remainder of the food or other objects that the pet plays with (wood chips, pieces of plastic from toys, etc.) can stick into it. Redness, bleeding and increased salivation may be characteristic signs of a foreign body entering the gums or the inside of the cheeks. It will be a great luck if the pet does not resist during the determination and master will be able to quickly detect and remove the source of irritation. Then it remains only to thoroughly rinse the wound with an antiseptic solution and hope that the infection does not get inside and will be no inflammation there. If it is not possible to detect or extract the source of discomfort yourself, it is better not to wait for complication of situation (develop an abscess and completely refuse to eat), but immediately go to the veterinarian.
- Abscess. If the abscess forms on the chin, then there is a high probability that it will cause the cat significant discomfort not only during meals, but also at rest. Because of this, the pet can shake its lower jaw, rub against hard objects or scratch the area of the abscess localization with its paws. Many abscesses are accompanied not only by great swelling, but also by terrible pain when touched. The size of ulcers can reach a walnut. Hard to the touch, as they are filled with purulent masses. With a good combination of circumstances, the abscess itself breaks through, it is enough for the master to treat the resulting wound with an antiseptic solution. Hardly ever you have to seek help from a veterinarian who, using a special scalpel, will open an abscess and cleanse the cavity of pus and blood. If it is necessary, the wound is drained, anti-inflammatory and healing ointments are prescribed. On average, abscesses mature and heal within 7-10 days.
- Tumors. In the most scenarios, squamous cell carcinoma and sarcoma develop, which are difficult to treat, especially in adults individuals. Therefore, if the lower jaw shakes in an adult cat, it is necessary to carefully examine it for the presence of neoplasms. In some cases, seals can only be felt, as they are localized under the skin and are not very striking. Confirm the diagnosis only by biopsy. Depending on the malignancy and stage of the tumor, appropriate treatment is selected. One must be prepared for the fact that the treatment will be palliative, since with sarcomas in the muzzle, the prognosis is rarely favorable.
In the end, some words about dentistry (tooth cyst, tooth root abscess), because of which there can also be problems with the jaw in cats.