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The health of a cat often depends on the care of the owner. You should pay close attention to any changes in behavior of the pet. If it started to constantly scratch its skin, to show concern, to more carefully lick its hair, it is likely that the animal needs help. A caring owner should not leave the situation without attention. The cat should be carefully examined. Itching by itself is not a disease but a manifestation of it. The main symptoms are scaling of the skin in cats, hair loss, sores, pain on palpation, etc. Therefore, the main task is to correctly determine the cause and to help the pet.
The Main Causes
The reasons for exceedingly itching skin in cats are different. The most common of them are the following:
- Inflammation of the skin of bacterial nature
- Hormonal abnormalities
The development of worms in the body of the cat is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Itching in the anal area;
- The disruption of the digestive system;
- Change in the appearance of hair;
- Inflammation of the eyes, appearance of secretions;
- Changes in the behavior, symptoms of lethargy and apathy.
Worm infestation is extremely dangerous for cats. They eat tissues and lymph, exhaust the body. The emissions of their substance cause severe intoxication. When certain symptoms appear, the cat is scratching its skin, sometimes there appear bloody wounds. An infection gets there, and the animal’s condition is deteriorating rapidly.
To protect pet from worms, you need to pay special attention to hygiene. It is useful to restrict the diet of cats, excluding raw foods. Also, clean the litter tray immediately.
Inflammation of the Skin
In cases of bacterial inflammation, scratching the skin leads to the hair being filled with pus and bloody discharge. The spectacle is not very pleasant for the owner. This condition is very painful for the cat. The causes of bacterial dermatitis are:
- Inadequate quality of food;
- Pathology of the liver;
- The gastrointestinal disorders;
The symptoms are quite characteristic of those of dermatitis: the reddish lesion gradually expands, begins to get wet and bleed. The animal loses its hair in the site of lesion, a high temperature is observed. The cat scratches its skin till it bleeds. Consequences are the appearance of pus in the wound and refusal of food. Cats suffering from skin inflammations are treated with antibiotics. But the problem is that bacteria and viruses have a certain resistance to the drugs. You have to find an effective drug by experimental means.
The appearance of ringworm in the cat is quite easy to notice. It is easy to understand that the appearance of spots on the skin, the hue of which changes to pale pink, is associated with this disease. The skin becomes dry, flaking develops. The state of the cat is extremely uncomfortable. Severe itching, the appearance of purulent ulcers, alopecia are consequences of neglect ringworm. The disease can occur on any area of the body, but often affects the space under the neck, ears, stomach and upper part of the head. The animal shows indifference to games, refuses to eat, scratches affected areas badly. The hair becomes unkempt, dull and greasy. To avoid such phenomena, you must try not to let the animal walk in the street. Rodents are often carriers of ringworm. Treatment should be comprehensive. In case of ringworm, you’d better visit the vet.
Fleas and other Parasites
The time of occurrence of parasites on the body of the cat can be overlooked. The smallest black specks can be fleas, mange mites, nits, eggs of lice. With the development of the disease the parasites make great discomfort to the animal, causing intense itching. Treatment of the animal is carried out on your own. The necessary preparations are sold in veterinary pharmacies. The owner must exercise maximum patience and perseverance, and his efforts will be rewarded by health and good mood of the pet.
A cat may severely scratch its skin on the account of the manifestation of allergic reactions. The animal may scratch the face, lick and bite the limbs. Food allergies are more common. In this case, pay special attention to the ration of your cat. It will be useful to assign a special diet, eliminating suspicious foods. In some cases, a cat can’t do without antihistamines, which can be purchased at any pharmacy.
This physiological reason is rarely the cause of a cat scratching the skin till it bleeds. However, it is better to consider it as well. Hormonal disruptions occur due to disorders in the thyroid, diabetes, and Cushing’s syndrome. There is a change in the quality of hair, severe itching, in some cases – the appearance of bald patches. It’s necessary to cure the cat, first of all, from the physiological disease provoking severe itching, but to remove the symptoms is also necessary.
Treatment of Itching in a Cat
Whatever the cause of the itching is, treatment is necessary. To prevent scratching, you can use the special collar for your pet. It is worn around the neck. It is sold in the drugstore and is quite inexpensive.
In addition, symptomatic treatment can be carried out with the help of special preparations for eliminating the itching. It comes in the form of a spray or suspension. Its anti-inflammatory action will help normalize the condition of the pet. It’s noteworthy you cannot use such a drug if the cat is sick with diabetes or with a viral infection.