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Growths on the cat’s paw pads are not an uncommon occurrence. Externally, the toughened skin resembles a second claw, therefore it is called a cutaneous horn. Most often such growths appear on the animal’s paw pads (in rare cases in the nose and on eyelids). This skin pathology may not cause discomfort to the cat, thus the pet can live with it all its life. Cutaneous horns on the cat’s paws are usually benign, however, there are exceptions.
The cutaneous horn can be of light or dark shade and tough consistency. The surface of the growth-up is rough due to the crevices. The size of a tumor on a paw of a cat does not exceed 5 cm. With the manifestation of the growth, the pet does not experience any discomfort whatsoever, and the formation itself is most often benign. When palpated in the area of the cutaneous horn the cat may experience discomfort if there is an inflammatory process.
Note!In 5% of cases, toughened skin on the paw pads of a cat indicate oncology. If skin pathology is detected, the pet guardian should not try to eliminate the growth by himself. Tt is easy to purchase one of the recommended medications in the veterinary drugstore that will stop the development of the cutaneous horn.
There are several factors that may lead to the development of the growth in a cat. The most common causes include:
- Injured nail. When fighting with another animal or when a paw gets bruised (in a game or due to an unsuccessful jump), the tissues at the base of the pet’s nail begin to overgrow;
- Keratosis. The disease appears as a result of a negative effect of some irritants (skin burns or exposure to the chemicals). Afterwards the skin on the surface of the pads toughens;
- Viral infections. Some diseases can trigger the development of growths on the cat’s pads. These include leukemia, as well as papillomavirus. After performing necessary tests the veterinary will be able to determine the diagnosis;
- Cancerous diseases. In rare cases, a cutaneous horn can indicate basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma in a cat.
A mild pathology can be treated at home. There are some medications that help to prevent further development of the growth in the future. A tried-and true ‘Etretinat’ can be recommended. It is prescribed at a dosage of 1 mg / kg. The solution should be administered carefully, as it accumulates in the body of the animal.
The use of ‘Aldar’ ointment is also quite effective in combating of the pathology. It is administered 3 times a week. Apply the product on clean skin and rub gently until completely absorbed. When using the ointment, try to ensure that the cat does not lick the medication off its paw pads. To get rid of the growth on a paw pad of a cat use ‘Atsitretin’. It is recommended to use the medication under the supervision of a specialist, in some cases causes it may have side effect. The drug is rapidly excreted from the body of the pet and has a short life-span.
‘Azithromycin’ pills are another effective way to get rid of the pathology. The medicine should be administered once a day, and the course of treatment lasts two weeks. Dosage: 10 mg / kg pet’s weight. This drug is inexpensive and at the same time quite effective.
Photo of Growths on Cat’s Paw Pads
When Is It Better to Contact a Specialist?
A visit to the veterinary is absolutely imperative if there are a large number of growths on the hind legs of cats (or on its front legs). The sickliness in the pet and regular signs of pain in the process of movement should also be a serious cause for concern. In addition to the medical methods of treatment, the veterinarian can offer the following options:
- Laser operation. It is possible to safely get rid of the growth on the paws of the animal. The laser does not leave any marks and allows to get effectively rid of the virus;
- Surgical interference. Is only applicable when the growth area is too large. The skin pathology is eliminated, however, scars may remain after the operation, and there is a high possibility of the growth’s reappearance in the future;
- Cryotherapy. This is a painful procedure, since the skin formation is treated with liquid nitrogen. After the procedure, a dry crust appears on the growth’s site.
Some cat owners use traditional methods for treating growths. These include homemade brews and solutions based on aloe leaves, propolis, juniper and bay leaves and vegetable oil.
To prevent such pathology, carefully monitor the pet’s condition. It is important to take notice of any changes in its state or behavior and to perform periodic screening at the veterinarian twice a year.