Saliva serves as a formulatory agent in the process of digestion and as a protection for the tooth enamel. But when the cat’s salivation increases, it is often a sign of illness. When a cat is drooling intensely, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian even if there are no other symptoms.
Increased salivation (hypersalivation) can be due to these physiological factors:
- Food that stimulates the secretion of gastric juice and saliva.
- Medications, such as antihelminthic drugs, drotaverine.
- Stress conditions, for example, when in the car or suffering from hypothermia or mishandling.
- Foreign objects in the mouth and esophagus.
Some pets are drooling when they are being petted or when they are hungry.
Excessive salivation may be associated with the following diseases:
- tongue, gums or teeth pathology;
- neoplasms on the salivary glands;
- viral infections;
- renal dysfunction;
- gastrointestinal diseases;
- postpartum eclampsia;
- allergically reactions;
- toxic exposure;
- heat exposure;
- central nervous system disorders;
Increased salivation is often accompanied by such changes in the behavior and appearance of the animal:
- The cat licks itself more often than usual and wipes its face on soft objects.
- Constantly protruding tongue.
- The coat is constantly wet.
- The place where the cat is sitting becomes wet.
When a cat is drooling and refuses food and water, sits with its head low, these all are manifestations of a viral disease (calicivirosis, panleukopenia, coronavirus, herpes virus infection). There may also be purulent discharge from the eyes and oral mucosa and increased body temperature. If a cat suffers from a toothache or there is a foreign body stuck in its mouth, chewing food becomes difficult, the tongue is constantly protruding, and salivation increases. If the pet has watery eyes, its nose runs and salivation increases, this may manifest inflammation of the respiratory system. Intense thirst, coughing, sneezing accompanied by fever are often the concomitant symptoms. With stomatitis (inflammation of the oral mucosa), the cat has ulcers on its tongue, gums, cheeks. With a hernia or esophageal neoplasm, as well as when a foreign body is stuck in the alimentary canal, the animal constantly swallows, throws up, shows signs of nausea, pain, and sometimes cough and panting are also manifested.
Note!When a cat has an allergic reaction, salivation and lacrimation increase, light sensitivity becomes painfully high. With tetanus, the muscles of the body are tense, spasmodic, and sometimes convulsions may appear.
Increased drooling may also precede vomiting foam. If the cat experienced toxic exposure, the subsequent manifestations will be liquid stool shivering, increased body temperature, somnolency.
If hypersalivation was brought about by improper diet, stress, or medications, treatment is not necessary. Cats are often drooling in sleep, and if it is not accompanied by a change in behavior and any other concomitant symptoms, the likelihood of pathology is minimal. If a foreign body is stuck in the mouth, you can try to pull it out with tweezers or fingers, but the best option is to seek help from a veterinarian.
If salivation suddenly increases and is accompanied by a reduced general condition of the cat, you should consult your doctor. Having the determined disease pattern and laboratory tests results, a veterinarian can make out a diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment. When the pet is infected, antiviral sera is prescribed, but they are only effective at the very early stage of the disease. To restore the immune defences special stimulants (Neoferon, Maxidine) and vitamins are indicated. If the cat has boils and ulcers on the gums and tongue, ointments and other remedies for the oral cavity will be prescribed.
In case of helminthiasis, anthelmintic drugs are administered. When a large fluff ball was ingested, the animal must be given a special agent regularly. If the animal is infected with rabies, a specific serum should administered in the first 72 hours. If you let the moment pass, it would be impossible to cure the cat.