Nasal discharge in an animal is an attempt of the body to get rid of the pathogen or allergen. Nasal secretion is often accompanied by sneezing, open-mouth breathing due to the nasal blockage. The animal often licks its nose and the area around it.
Types and Symptoms of Nasal Discharge
Discharge from the cat’s nose can be:
Mucoid discharge is a clear liquid. Such secretions can be a sign of allergy and of a fine substance that managed to get into the nose of the animal and cause mechanical irritation of the mucous membrane. The secret of the mucous membrane may contain white blood cells.
If the discharge has changed in texture, completely blocking the nasal passages of the animal, or the color has changed, becoming yellow or greenish, it is an alarming sign and it is time to hurry to the veterinary clinic. Yellow-green discharge most often is a sign of bacteria in the cat’s nasal mucosa. In this case, the secret contains a large number of pathogenic microorganisms. Dark discharge from cat’s nose is a sign of viral infection.
Causes of Nasal Discharge
Causes of nasal discharge in cats are various. These are injuries with subsequent damage to the mucous, pathogenic bacteria, and viral diseases as well as allergic reactions, and chlamydial pneumonia, and parasitic diseases (toxoplasmosis).
- Pus in the discharge from the cat’s nose is never a sign of an easy illness. When a yellow thick secret appears, the pet must be shown to the doctor as soon as may be. In young cat smelly discharge from its nose can be a sign of poor care and significant dietary errors.
- A clear discharge that flows from one nostril can be a sign of a foreign object entering the nasal passage. If the object is large or sharp, the discharge may be mixed with blood, if the item stays in the sinus for a long time, an infection of a bacterial nature may worsen the condition. The general condition of the pet is but slightly affected.
- Allergic rhinitis is accompanied by frequent sneezing of the animal, and the expiration of clear mucous discharge, often in large amounts.
- Infection with fungi (most often Cryptococcus) causes the destruction of the nasal membranes. This leads to the expiration of mucopurulent secretions mixed with blood from one or both nasal passages. When blood appears in the nasal secret, a mandatory consultation of a veterinarian is necessary. Additional symptoms in a cat may be: enlarged lymph nodes, swelling in the nasal region, lesions of the nasopharynx, etc.
- The bleeding from the nose of the animal may accompany arterial hypertension. In addition there maybe behavioral disturbances, like a ‘drunk’ gait, aggression, etc.
- Severe respiratory illness in felines caused by herpesvirus is called rhinotracheitis. It is accompanied by various symptoms: general (lethargy, fatigue, drowsiness, refusal to food) and specific (almost black discharge from the cat’s eyes and nose, sneezing).
- Another common infectious disease is calcivirosis. It is characterized by abundant discharge from the nose and eyes, first it is mucous, then serous and subsequently turns purulent. Vomiting may also begin. The cat shows signs of hyper salivation, fever (up to 40.5 ° C), ulceration may appear on the mucous membranes of the mouth, lips, tongue. The animal refuses to eat, diarrhea can also occur, often followed by constipation.
- ‘Feline plague’ or panleukopenia is another terrible affliction. The heart, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract are all affected. The cat suffers from severe intoxication and dehydration. The disease occurs with a high temperature of up to 41 ° C, yellow-green vomiting, diarrhea, conjunctivitis, rhinitis.
- Rhinitis can also cause congenital nasal defects. Some parasitic diseases also cause rhinitis (toxoplasmosis).
If there is pus or blood in the cat’s nasal discharge, you have to show it to the vet as soon as may be. To ease the breathing of the animal before traveling to the hospital, its nasal passages must be cleansed of crusts. It can be performed using cotton swabs and baby oil. Soak the crusts in the saline or boric acid (2% solution can be purchased at the pharmacy). It is advisable to wrap the pet in a blanket and hold it firmly under your arm or even use the help of another family member. If the cat is allergic, you should try to eliminate the substance that caused the reaction. Mopping the floor in the room and humidifying the air will help to ease the nasal breathing of an animal; you can even take the cat with you to the bathroom. While you shower or bathe, the cat will breathe in moist air. If the animal refuses to eat, since it does not feel the flavor of the food, the food should be slightly warmed to enhance the flavor or poured over with some liquid from canned tuna that can stimulate the appetite of the animal.
Note!If the discharge has turned purulent, you need to use antibacterial agents.
For viral infections, antiviral medications will be prescribed for the cat.