Not a single master is not immune to the appearance of crusts on the cat’s head, no matter how well he takes care of pet. Overwhelming majority of cases are connected with manifestations of allergic reaction which is characterized with following symptoms as dry scabs, redness of skin, hair loss and strong itching on different parts of a body. In kittens the same symptom is connected with fungal and bacterial lesions that can cover a large part of animal’s head and complicates by multiple sores.
When Is It a Time to Worry?
First of all it is need understand that any kind f pathological changes on animal’s skin must cause concern to its master. As sooner a medical care is delivered to the pet, the more chances for quick recovery with minimal amount of drugs used for treatment. Especially it is related to diseases that associated with fungal and bacterial lesions. After some time without treatment, long antibiotic therapy will be prescribed. Let’s look through the most widespread reasons:
- Trauma. Begin with the simplest and frequently occurred in pets of all ages. Injuries- that they get during climbing on trees, games and fighting with another animals. Even a tiny scratch covers with a scab, therefore, masters should be able to distinguish them from pathological lesions characterized by suppuration, bleeding and severe itching. In cats more often head is suffered, less often limbs and a trunk. Remember, that little scratches and small wounds heal during several days and do not bother animal.
- Burns and freezing injury. Also can cover with crusts during regenerative process. Burns are most often found on the head, and frostbite on the limbs. A cat can burn on hot objects (radiator, iron, dish) or after contact with chemical substances. First-degree burns heal fast upon condition that owners would look after the wound and reduce the risk of getting the infection to a minimum. Second-degree burns should be treated with anti-inflammatory and regenerative drugs, prescribed by the veterinarian based on the severity of the symptoms. Third-degree burns dangerous for the life of the animal and require immediate hospitalization in the nearest veterinary clinic.
- Lichen. Because of it, all head covers with small crusts in form of a coin. These symptoms and signs are illustrative of ringworm that occurred most of all. Veterinarians confirm that according to statistics, kittens aged 3-10 months are most often affected by ringworm. It is explained by that fact that pets in this age have no immunity and a very little contact with fungal spores which can get on the pet’s hair even from the sole of the master’s shoes ends with serious skin lesions. A danger of this disease lies in the fact that it is very contagious and is transmitted not only to other animals, but also to human. That is why veterinarians recommend not put off visit to the clinic at the slightest suspicion of lichen in your pet. A number of laboratory tests are needed for establishing diagnosis (examination of the hair of an infected animal under a microscope, seeding). In some cases Wood’s light is used that under the glow of which the fungal spores are emerald color. Mild cases can be treated with ointments and shampoos, with multiple lesions, anti-fungal drugs are prescribed inside. If there is severe itching, as a result of which large scratches appear on the body then add the intake of antihistamines and anti-inflammatory drugs. Treatment of ringworm is always a lengthy process with possible relapses if all disinfection measures have not been followed (treatment of a cat’s bed with chlorine-based products, the use of steam in the presence of carpets and rugs). If several animals are ill at once, it is recommended to carry out daily wet cleaning in the apartment with the addition of chlorine-containing products to the water. A complete recovery is considered not only the disappearance of bald spots, but also the absence of fungal spores on the wool. This can only be confirmed by microscopic tests.
- Allergy. Or rather, its various manifestations can cause appearance of scabs on head in cat. Most often, the reason lies in food allergies (especially in elite breeds), followed by parasitic saliva allergy and closes the list of atopic dermatitis, which is considered incurable and needs lifelong supportive therapy. Together with sores, crusts, redness of the skin and severe itching are also observed.
Crusts on Head in Cat Photo Gallery
There is no telling that that the appearance of crusts on the head of a cat is considered a dangerous symptom, but if the reason lies in fungal diseases, it is recommended to start treatment as soon as possible, because there is a risk of infection even for the pet owner.