Everyone knows how excellent felines can see even at night, in total darkness. This is their special ability, since by nature these animals are nocturnal predators, and therefore supervision is vital for them. So if you observe cloudy eyes in a cat take it as a sure sign that a visit to the veterinarian will definitely not hurt.
The causes for this phenomenon are various, and some of them are fraught with complete loss of vision. But why is this happening? All causes can be divided into several groups:
- The damage to the cornea as a result of infectious diseases;
- Degenerative Phenomena;
- Lymphocytic infiltration of the cornea.
If there are any problems with the fluid inside the eyeball itself, it may be due to infectious diseases, metabolic disorders, poor care and the use of certain drugs as well as a result of severe intoxication. Dimming or ‘clouding’ of the lens is usually happening due to the formation of cataracts. Diseases of the vitreous body. Clouding of a cat’s eye may occur due to the development of pathogenic microflora, metabolic disorders, etc. Yet in the veterinary practice, the following specific types of pathologies that cause the condition are more common:
- Corneal ulcers. They occurs both as a result of multiple infectious diseases, and as a result toxic exposure or an impact of various irritants. Scarring can occur due to congenital / acquired eyelid defects. Sometimes such conditions are fraught with unsuccessful eye operations (infection, tearing of the lacrimal canal, etc.).
- Various forms of keratitis (which is inflammation of the cornea) are extremely dangerous, as this leads to degradation of the epithelial layer of the organ of vision.
- Pathological accumulation of lipids in the cornea tissues occurs both with fundamental metabolic disorders and in case of infectious diseases.
- Cancer pathology or invasion of cancer cells in the corneal tissue. The development of corneal edema is usually associated with age or with premature corneal degeneration, glaucoma, sometimes even with severe conjunctivitis as well as a result of an unsuccessful operation. If after surgery, a muddy film appears on the cat’s eye, you should immediately notify the attending veterinarian, since such a sign clearly does not indicate anything good for your pet’s health.
Scientists and veterinarians around the world also suggest that in many cases, cats having cloudy eyes and discharge can be attributed to the autoimmune diseases. These basically mean that the animal’s body defense mechanisms begin to attack their own tissues. These phenomena have been studied rather poorly yet, and more often it happens that one has to be guided by sheer guesses in a particular case only by indirect signs.
Treatment depends on the type of an identified diseases, that ked to the clouding of the surface of the eyeball. For example, let us suppose that an infectious disease is to blame for the development of the pathology. In this case (after a precise determination of the type of pathogen), the animal is administered shock doses of broad-spectrum antibiotics and other antibacterial drugs.
First Aid Measures
As they say, better be safe than sorry. First of all, the condition of the eyes in a sick cat must be constantly monitored, at least twice a day. When a swelling or acute redness are observed (which indicates an inflammatory reaction), appearance (or an increase) of discharge, a painful condition or deterioration of a cat’s vision, – call the veterinarian immediately, as all the signs described speak of a sharp recrudescence of the pathological process.
Note!If you notice that after being administered a drug, the pet begins to behave inadequately, tears or a similar liquid flow from its eyes, stop giving the medication and immediately notify the attending specialist of the observed signs.
To prevent this from happening, try to minimize all stressful factors that can negatively affect your cat’s state of vision. In addition, if the animal’s vision has already suffered, keep it in a safe area without such interior items the sick pet can stumble upon and hurt itself. It is imperative to prevent episodes of self-injury to the eyes. For this purpose a surgical collar exists, which is also called an ‘Elizabethan’ collar. It embraces snugly the neck of a pet, and due to its size, does not allow the cat to rub its eyes with its paws, which could bring even more of pathogenic microflora to the sore eye.