When a cat’s hair falls out on its chin, the masters may not at first attach great importance to this symptom, attributing it to seasonal molting. However, complete baldness makes one draw attention, as the cause may lie in diseases that are in no way associated with molting. It is also worth to remember that such kind of disease as lichen is not only suitable for the symptom that interests us, but is also considered contagious and dangerous to other animals and the masters itself. Things are simpler if the reason lies in poor hygiene or an allergic reaction.
Detailed Description of Common Reasons
If a cat’s hair falls out from its chin after black dots, red pimples, condensation or pink sores appear on it, then the reason may lie in scratching, because all the above is accompanied by severe itching. The baldness of this area of the muzzle in cats is almost always gone with concomitant symptoms that are hard to miss, because they give the pet a lot of discomfort. Especially in cases connected with an acute allergic reaction. In the majority of cases, this symptom is considered together with the following pathologies:
- Eosinophilic granulomas. Many veterinarians believe that eosinophilic granuloma can be caused by all types of allergies (food, atopic dermatitis, parasite saliva reaction). In each case symptoms proceeds differently. In some cases, single formations appear, sometimes lesions spread to large areas of the skin. In many occasions, cat’s chin baldness is caused precisely by an eosinophilic granuloma, which can be complicated by a secondary infection. At first, the process develops against the background of redness of a separate area of the skin (usually it is the chin, lips, nose, less often the cheeks or ears). Then one or more pink plaques occur that rise slightly above the surface of the skin. In some situations, they are accompanied by severe itching, there are also cases when formations do not bother the pet in any way. Frequent licking of the lips and nose is also considered characteristic symptoms. In each case the treatment is individual, based on local drugs and anti-inflammatory drugs. But, success will greatly depend on the exclusion of the provoking factor. Given that most types of allergies can not be cured once and for all, an exacerbation of an eosinophilic granuloma in a pet can occur many times over a lifetime. Good efficacy was shown by daily treatment of the affected areas with some antiseptic (2-3 times a day), a change in the food grade, and the exclusion of plastic dishes from the animal’s diet.
- Lichen. It is more common for kittens and animals that live on the street. It is considered a contagious disease that can be transmitted to dogs and even humans. Hardly ever, it proceeds with minimal manifestations in the form of tiny spots on the skin. But, the most common form is when there is severe itching and hair loss. In the majority of cases, the chin, ears, head, less often the limbs and tail are affected. Spots can reach the size of a large coin. Inside the spot there is no coat and weeping is present. Along the edges there is almost always a flaky rim. If the animal reaches the lesions, then it can lick them or scratch them to the bleeding. To make a diagnosis, an external determination of the pet by a veterinarian is necessary. The next step will be to take scrapings from the lesions for microscopic and cytological studies. If the presence of fungal spores is confirmed, then depending on the severity of the symptoms and the age of the pet, treatment with antifungal drugs will be prescribed. Kittens who have not reached 8 weeks of age are prescribed only bathing with antifungal shampoos. Adults are recommended to be treated with oral antifungal drugs. The duration of the course and dosage is prescribed by the veterinarian for each animal individually. It is recommended to pay special attention to disinfecting the room and objects with which the infected animal comes into contact. For this, funds can be used where there is a note that they are effective in the destruction of dermatophytes. To speed up treatment and reduce the risk of spreading spores around the apartment, it is recommended to cut a sick animal.
Cat’s Hair Falls Out from Its Chin Photos
Also, when hair loss on the chin in a cat should be borne in mind acne, pyoderma and demodicosis (extremely rare).