Claw may fester not only in outdoor cat, even pets suffer from such kind of injuries and inflectional process accompanying with inflammation. Together with pus, swelling and redness of the skin in the area of the lesion are usually present. The animal can feel discomfort and even pain during movement, which reflects on manner of walking (lameness will appear or the pet will squeeze the damaged foot ).
What Does Occur More Frequently?
In most scenarios cats claws fester after traumas or getting into wounds of infection. But, exact cause may be named only by veterinarian based not only on an external determination, but also on histological or cytological testing. Such diagnostic measures are prescribed to animals that are likely to develop a tumor process or bacterial infection. Only with reference to available analyzes can we confirm or exclude possible pathology:
- Neoplastic process. Hardly ever may be found in cats under 10 years, but also may be a reason of maturation of claw. Especially in occasions when the tumor is located in the area of nailfold or paw pad. Unfortunately, once in a while it is possible to indicate a tumor process at an early stage, as strong as the master like his animal. The fact is that on the early stage neoplasm formation may be confused with eosinophilic granuloma, inflamed follicle or festering wound. Usually, masters start worrying when lameness appears in the pet’s gait, and the damaged area exudes a fetid smell. But even veterinarian can not distinguish by eye a malignant tumor from a benign one. For this, a neoplasm biopsy is performed with a small-bore needle to take cells for histological and cytological testing. More frequently aggressive forms of cancer are found in animals after the age of 12 years. This is about sarcomas and lymphomas that may be life threatening. The way of treatment is individual in every occasion, largely depends on the general condition of the pet, stages of neoplastic process, the presence or absence of metastases. In some cases, doctors are limited to the course of chemotherapy, but the most effective method is surgical excision of the formation with the capture of healthy tissues up to 5с. In neoplastic processes limb prognosis is favorable, provided timely indication and treatment. In the most difficult cases, the option of removing part of the paw or the entire limb may be considered.
- Pyoderma. May develop after getting a bacterial infection in an open wound. Characteristically swift disease progression with a lot of symptoms. In the area of lesion occurs redness, the skin swelling, a pus and fetid smell are presented. Pyoderma are often opens out after traumas obtained in a fight with other animals. But even a tiny scratch or a torn claw may be the entrance gate for infection. If the cat has a festering nail after a walk, and it is not possible to determine the cause of the appearance, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian for different testings. This refers to a cytological determinations of the fluid taken from the lesion. After indication of the pathogen, it will be possible to choose an effective antibacterial agent or antibiotic (at the discretion of the attending veterinarian). Particular attention is paid to closing of the wound so that the pet cannot lick the medicine and lick the damaged area.
- Ingrown claw. If a claw, which grows incorrectly, is pierced into the paw pad, then an inflammatory process may develop over time. Not only the nail, but also the paw pad can start rotting. As a result, the animal may begin to limp, lick the affected area. In severe cases, the paw can greatly swell and be accompanied by terrible pain. The problem of ingrown claws can be solved only by means of timely and correct trimming. In some cases, it is necessary to cut the claw to the very root.
A cat’s claw may fester even after a tiny injury received during the game. It is possible to help an animal by regular treatment of the affected area with an antiseptic solution.