Table of Contents
In the warm season, our pets are attacked not only by specific parasites, but also by common stinging insects. Most often, a wasp or bee does not attack the cat intentionally, on the contrary, the fluffy fidget itself begins to hunt for a buzzing moving object. This results in bites in the muzzle, and sometimes even in the mouth. Usually, the effects of an insect stinging are limited to the local reaction. If the bite did not occur in sight of the owner, you can determine that the pet was stung by the following signs:
- hot red limited swelling in a certain place;
- the cat is shaking its head or paw;
- excessive salivation;
- restless behavior, attempts to scratch the stung area.
In the case of an allergic reaction to a bite or attack of several wasps, the following may occur:
- shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing;
- tachycardia (rapid heartbeat);
- distaxia, unconsciousness;
- state of shock.
Although a wasp or bee can bite a cat even in a city apartment, this usually occurs during the holiday season, outside the city. The owner has to perform the first aid in case of bee bites on cats, if it is not possible to get quickly to the veterinary clinic.
When detecting a bite, you must first make sure that the stinger is not stuck in the skin. If it is quickly removed, it will reduce inflammation and the resulting dose of poison.
- You should fix the pet, since any manipulation in the swelling will be painful.
- It is impossible to remove the stinger with your fingers, you should use the tweezers.
- You can wipe the bite area with a soda solution or treat with hydrogen peroxide.
Bee Stings on Cat – What to Do?
Bee stings can be very painful and depending on their location on the animal they may cause a lot of discomfort:
- If the cat is stung in the leg, severe lameness persists for several days.
- Bites in the nose and mouth interfere with make normal eating difficult.
In such cases, you should use corticosteroids. Usually hormonal anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed by a vet, but experienced owners themselves sometimes resort to such therapy. Prednisolone at a dose of 0.5-1 mg / kg is usually used when bee bites on cats, rarely – Dexamethasone. Prednisolone can be used both in the form of tablets and by intramuscular injections:
- For cats weighing 3-4 kg half tablet of 5 mg is sufficient. If the pet is behaving aggressively, or there is an excessive salivation, it will be difficult to make the pet to swallow the tablet.
- The injection is preferable because the drug begins to act faster.
Therefore, in the “country” veterinary first aid kit you should keep an ampoule of Prednisolone and insulin syringes. If the wasp sting caused severe swelling and pain, it is necessary to introduce the drug into the muscles of the thigh in a dose of 0.1 ml/kg. Prednisone is uded every 12 hours, reducing the dose over 3-5 days up to the complete abolition of drugs.
Referral to the Clinic
In the vast majority of cases, the insect bite is not a reason to visit a veterinarian. However, in some cases hospitalization is necessary:
- Signs of angioedema, systemic allergic reaction.
- Multiple bites that can cause intoxication with poison.
- Age up to 5-6 months (kittens are more sensitive to poison).
Adult cats tolerate the stings of wasps or bees without consequences. However, if the pet’s (usually purebred) immune system is not OK, bee venom can cause anaphylactic shock and death. After detection of a bee stung on cat it is necessary to keep watching a pet – whether there is appetite, whether there are no signs of lethargy, apathy. If the cat is fluffy you should be especially careful to check the submandibular space – whether there is swelling in the neck. What should not be done:
- Do not use local irritants on the basis of menthol and essential oils or ointments, designed for people (Fenistil);
- Do not give to your cat antihistamines (Suprastin, Tavegil, Zyrtec) because they are not effective.
If the reaction to the bite is minor, the veterinary specialist will send the patient home, calming the owners. The vet will act differently faced with the manifestations of anaphylactic shock. This reaction occurs suddenly, shortly after the bite. The cat can die within an hour, if you do not help it. Signs of anaphylaxis:
- weakness, unnatural behavior: the animal is lethargic or overly excited;
- mucous membranes are pale or cyanotic;
- shortness of breath, audible wheezing;
- pulse quickens, becomes weak;
- convulsions, involuntary urination.
The veterinarian will restore the patency airway. Usually this does not require a tracheotomy, it is enough to install an intubation tube. Moist oxygen is supplied through it.
- They urgently give 0.1% adrenaline (Epinephrine), while some experts prefer to enter it into the bite area.
- Adrenaline can be injected again in another place every 15 minutes until the attack is stopped.
- If necessary, it is used intravenously, very slowly, at a dose of 0.01 ml/kg.
An intravenous catheter is set, in which Prednisone 4-10 mg/kg is introduced. To eliminate spasm of the airways they use the 2.4% Aminophylline 5-7 mg/kg. To restore normal blood circulation, pressure and renal blood flow, colloidal and crystalloid solutions (dropper) are used. Even if the attack was effectively and timely eliminated, the cat is left in the clinic under supervision for at least a day. It is important to control adequate urination and to begin treatment of acute renal failure, which can occur on the background of shock pressure drop, hypoxia and intoxication.
It is impossible to protect four-legged friends from stinging by insects with 100% guarantee. But if the pet spends the summer in the country, you should take care to reduce the probability of a bite to a minimum. Reasonable measures will be:
- Room protection (mosquito nets).
- Treatment of the territory (the destruction of wasp nests).
- Not to put the bowl of water or food on the street, the veranda.
- Treatment of animals with repellents.
Although most cats tolerate bee stings, wasps and even hornets without serious health consequences, the owner should be prepared to assist the pet in case of an allergic reaction to the bite. Anaphylactic shock occurs in one animal of a thousand, but it can cause its death. The good news is that if the bees stung the cat earlier and allergies were not observed, most likely, it will carry them as well steadfastly in the future.