Favorite places of mite bites in cats — axillary, inguinal, and abdominal region, ears, withers, and hindquarters. The earlier the parasite is detected, the lower the probability of complications may occur, including such dangerous diseases as:
- hemorrhagic fever;
- infectious anemia;
Remember!The parasite, sated with blood, becomes spherical and changes color from black to gray or pink.
Parasites are especially dangerous for pregnant and lactating cats, as well as for kittens. If a feeding cat is bitten by a mite, the infection can penetrate the breast milk and affect the offspring.
Symptoms of Infection
If after the bite of a parasite cat had contracted any disease, warning signs will be as follows:
- decreased appetite;
- rise in temperature;
- loss of strength and lack of interest in the environment;
- feces disorder;
- change the color of urine (blood);
- anemic states;
- shortness of breath and cough;
- pallor of the mucous membranes;
- yellowness of the sclera.
These manifestations usually develop within 2-3 weeks, when the incubation period ends. When infected with telezoom and piroplasmosis many systems of the bodyare affected, leading to death of the animal in a half of the month. Most often, mites are carriers of viral encephalitis. The disease is characterized by inflammation of the gray matter of the brain, the outcome of which will be epilepsy, paralysis, and in the worst case — death. In cats with disorders in the immune system the symptoms of the disease appear in 2-3 hours after the bite. There are convulsions, fever, vomiting, excessive salivation. On day 9 paralysis develops, impaired consciousness, coma.
In healthy cats, the encephalitis begins with prostration, discharge from eyes and nose, mild fever. After 1-2 weeks, the disease turns into chronic meningitis or ends in death. Increased sensitivity to insect saliva can manifest with itching of skin, rash, purulent inflammation. If a pregnant cat is bitten by a tick that carries the infection, the disease will be transmitted to the offspring.
How to Help the Animal?
In case of mite bites in cats, which has not had time to stick, it should be removed and destroyed. All actions should be carried out in rubber gloves. If the parasite has penetrated the skin, you need to remove it carefully so as not to damage the body. If you remove only the body of the insect, and leave the head inside, suppuration may occur. You should avoid heavy pressure on the insect, otherwise a large amount of his saliva gets in the body of a cat. The saliva may contain the causative agent of the disease. The same side effect is caused by vegetable oil, alcohol and kerosene, so it is contraindicated to treat the parasite with it.
The bloodsucker can be removed at home or the cat can be taken to the vet. Just grab the tick with your fingers or tweezers as close as possible to the head and pull it out, turning its body. For removal, you can use special devices, such as the Uniclean Tick Twister. With its help, the parasite is removed by scrolling movements, while reducing the risk of separating its head from the trunk.
It is prohibited to scratch the place of attachment of the parasite, as it is possible to bring the infection. When mite bites on cats you also cannot pull the tick upward about its thread. When the mite is removed, the penetration area should be treated with hydrogen peroxide, alcohol or green disinfectant. To make sure that the parasite is not a carrier of infection, it is necessary to send it to the laboratory for examination. If part of the insect remains under the skin, it can be removed with a sterile needle.
When mite bites on cats and in case there are alarming symptoms, it is necessary to show it to a specialist as soon as possible. The disease can be diagnosed by laboratory tests. The earlier you start treatment, the more likely you are to save the life of the pet. The state of the immune system also plays a role in recovery.
To prevent the attack of mites, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules. During the seasonal activation of mites (from March to May and from August to October) it is recommended to protect cats with low immunity, as well as pregnant and lactating cats from going outside. Healthy cats should wear special collars, containing a substance for repelling blood-sucking bugs, for example, fentanyl before walk in the yard. As a prevention of bites, protective sprays and drops (Frontline, Bars Forte, Combo, Biofar) are also used.
But these medications do not give a 100% guarantee of protection, so after each walk it is necessary to inspect the skin of the pet and comb it with a comb.