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Owners often notice that the cat is scratching its neck. Their worry increases when they see combs, wounds, bald spots with fallen hair on the neck, behind the ears or under the chin. Pet owners usually ask the same questions: “Why is this happening? What to do?” There can be many reasons for it. Let’s consider the main of them.
Causes of Itching in the Neck
If the animal begins to scratch the neck, such behavior can cause various health problems. You should start with a check for fleas. And if you find insects or their eggs, the animal should be treated with special drugs or bathe with anti-flea shampoo. Remember that even after getting rid of insects a substance that got into the blood during the bite remains in the body. Its irritating effect can last up to one and a half months, causing the pet to scratch the neck to blood. If fleas are excluded, it is necessary to consider other reasons, among which may be the following:
- skin infection;
- hormonal disruption;
- endocrine disorders;
- psychological problems;
The infection can be brought into the house with shoes and then get on the cat’s skin. If there are at least small wounds, scratches, there is inflammation of the skin. It causes cat itchy around neck, provoking the desire to scratch it. If not to pay attention to these wounds timely, there may be suppuration. Ointments and powders are used to treat the neck. At home, veterinarians recommend sulfur ointment or a new drug — Yangon powder. Such diseases are not dangerous for humans.
Hormonal and Endocrine Disorders
Metabolic disorders, failure in the production of hormones in animals leads to skin disorders, which are manifested by itching. Mostly cats comb a neck and head, ears, back. Only a doctor can diagnose the disease and prescribe the right treatment. Although the diagnosis and treatment of hormonal, endocrine diseases is a complex task, and requires long-term treatment. It is better to contact specialized clinics with the necessary equipment for diagnosis.
It is the most difficult task to identify the source of allergy, which is manifested by redness of the skin, red rash. And all these skin problems are accompanied by itching. Cat itches neck, injuring itself to the blood with its sharp claws. As hose of humans, the allergy can be caused by:
- food (feed);
- house dust;
- cat litter;
- powders and cleaning products;
- anti-flea collars.
It is very difficult to determine the source of the rash. It will take a lot of time and patience to change food, litter pan, change the environment and observe the reaction of the animal. It should be remembered that even with the elimination of the source of allergies, the state of the cat will not improve immediately. Itching neck, cat may suffer for a long time.
The body needs time to recover from exposure to the allergen. Therefore, the change of feed is carried out with long-term (from one week up to two) intervals. The animal needs constant supervision of a veterinarian. Only a vet can prescribe antihistamines and calculate their dosage.
Be careful!Medication for people is not always suitable for cats, and the dose cannot be determined without assistant of a professional.
Varieties of herpes (ringworm) are fungal infections. Impetigo is accompanied by a cat itchy neck, hair loss in the lesions, characterized by sharply defined edges. Only a vet can determine the type of depriving and prescribe internal and external treatment. Often in areas of skin affected by fungi, there is a plaque in the form of scurf. Animal owners need to know that mycoses are transmitted to humans and can be dangerous, especially for children. Most contagious is ringworm, with which you can get infected from a sick cat. Domestic cats should be taken to the clinic at the first suspicion of impetigo. On the street you should control children, ensuring that they do not pet homeless animals.
Stress, associated with the move, new family members of both humans and animals can cause a cat’s desire to scratch its neck to blood. If you are sure that the cat itches to sores because of stress, you can give it special pills for cats “Kot Bayun”. They are made on the basis of herbs and have a slight calming effect. They are used before the travel and other stressful situation.
Not every cat owner knows that the cause of itching and scratching of the neck can be infection with helminths. Worms disrupt metabolism, which leads to a lack of nutrients in the body of a pet. And as a result — dry skin, scruff and itching. On the other hand, the presence of worms in the body of a cat can cause an allergic reaction, accompanied by rash and itching. The result is easy to predict-the cat combs its neck to blood. Infection with worms can occur through:
- raw meat or fish, if given to cats;
- flea bites;
- from a cat to a kitten.
At suspicion on helminthiasis you can take the tests of the feces of the animal, to hold a course of anthelmintic drugs. Cat owners should periodically conduct preventive anthelmintic courses. After all the entire family can suffer from a cat infected with worms. This is especially dangerous for children playing with pets. Often cats sleep in the same bed with the owners, which in the presence of helminths in animals, leads to the infection of people.
Besides the famous and visible fleas, the cat can brush the neck, chin, ears when infected by other parasites. In case of appearance of ear mites, a cat starts to wag the ear with legs, trying to scratch inside. Such an attempt leads to the appearance of wounds, blood inside the ear. Other parasites strike the face region that causes the desire to scratch the cat’s chin, neck, and eye area. Infection with sarcoptic mange (mange mites) may occur on any area of the body.
Infection with cheyletiellosis, separate species of mites appear quite rare, but still we cannot ignore this fact. They settle mainly along the back, and look like white small dots that move. Therefore, cheyletiella is often called scaly rush. The reason that the animal scratches the neck may also be lice, which can be seen in the cat’s coat.
As follows from the above, there may be a lot of reasons why the cat is constantly scratching its neck to the blood, with no fleas. It is virtually impossible to determine the cause of the problem and to cure the animal without assistance. Only an experienced veterinarian in the clinic will be able:
- to identify parasites with a microscope to determine their species;
- to make the analysis on worms;
- to diagnose infectious and fungal diseases.
In the absence of parasites and infections, the doctor can make allergy tests for food, cat litter.
The owners should always remember that with the appearance of rashes and bloody sores, patches of baldness on the neck, there is an urgent need to visit a veterinary clinic. Only a vet will determine the reason why the cat scratches its neck, and prescribe effective treatment.