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Neat cats spend a lot of time on personal hygiene. The cat licks himself after sleeping, eating, or even after being stroked. This should not cause concern to the owners. However, if the cat is constantly licking itself, with a noticeable change in the behavior of the pet, you should monitor its health.
Norm or pathology?
The norm is when a cat is licking itself fully several times a day and short washing after contact with other animals or people. The cat behaves calmly and relaxed, it focuses on clean coat. You can suspect an illness if there any movement of the animal is accompanied by the licking of the coat. In this case, the cat behaves restlessly, it is irritated or feels uncomfortable. This behavior may indicate itching skin or pain that torments the animal. If the cat is always licking itself, the cause of this phenomenon may be:
- Allergic reaction;
- Endocrine disorders;
In this case, you can identify the accompanying symptoms of diseases-combing the epidermis, the formation of erosions and wounds, peeling of the skin.
Symptoms of Parasites
Animals show increased attention to their own hygiene in the presence of parasites-fleas or mites. At the same time the cat is constantly scratching, shaking off and licking itself. You can reveal parasites in a careful study of the animal.
If fleas are detected, it is recommended to examine once again the wool, paying attention to areas behind ears and neck. A possible cause of discomfort may be nits, which could hardly be detected during a cursory examination. Abundant peeling of the skin in the absence of visible parasites may indicate a mite. As a rule, in such diseases the animal is constantly trying to gnaw something out of the wool, simultaneously licking different parts of the body. The treatment is carried out with the help of special anti-parasitic drops.
Lichen and Fungi
Lichen in animals manifests itself in small areas of baldness. In this case, there can be scabies or erosion on the skin. It depends on the causative agent of the disease. Quite often the reason why the cat is always licking itself is a fungal infection. It is impossible to detect the fungus without special equipment, but you can identify it by dry skin and peeling. These symptoms cause discomfort to the cat, in response to which it constantly licks itself, itches and bites its hair. When closer inspection, you may notice the following signs on the skin:
- Severe dryness;
- Color change (pale skin or redness);
- bald spots;
- Discharge of paid grayish scales;
- Thinning of hair;
These symptoms are characteristics of various fungal infections, including lichen. Hair loss may occur both due to the nature of the disease and the actions of the animal. Often, in response to itching cats gnaw the wool, trying to get to the scin with their claws. Treatment of fungal infection is carried out with the help of drugs-antimicotics. Usually shampoos and ointments used to treat people are prescribed– Nizoral, Ketoconazole, Clotrimazole.
Allergy as a Cause of Unusual Behavior
Food allergies always manifest themselves through the appearance of crusts, wounds and erosion on the face of the animal. Sometimes cats have allergic dermatitis in response to household stimuli. Quite often, itching and peeling of the skin appear after:
- the application of the new shampoo while bathing the cat;
- flea excretion with special solutions;
- contact of household chemicals with the animal’s coat;
Allergy symptoms are very similar to the signs of fungus on the skin. The cat is constantly licking itself and itching. As a rule, the hypersensitivity reaction passes quickly, it is only necessary to protect the animal from contact with the stimulus.
Dermatitis in Cats
Itching and skin pain can be triggered by dermatitis. This disease is caused by immune disorders and activation of opportunistic microorganisms on the skin of the animal. Dermatitis is always accompanied by inflammation of the epidermis. When moderate inflammation, the animal becomes restless, it is tormented by the itching, the cat constantly licks the fur. It is quite problematic to identify the disease at this stage. In most cases, dermatitis is accompanied by visible symptoms – a strong peeling of the skin, the formation of rashes, wounds and erosions. Rashes are most often localized on the muzzle of a pet, near the ears and on the neck. Treatment is carried out by outward application means only after detection of the pathogen.
In cats with metabolic disorders, as well as recently castrated and sterilized animals, the appearance of itching and peeling of the skin may be associated with endocrine disorders. As a rule, there are no specific symptoms except for the restless behavior and constant licking of the coat.
You can identify such a disorder only by the change in behavior of the animal. For treatment, a gentle diet and special vitamin supplements are used. Only a veterinarian can prescribe such drugs.