If a cat has lost a tooth before the age of 5, then the reason could be hidden traumas which a pet can get from falling from altitude or by some accident. In cats that attained the age of 5 such situations can be triggered by gum illness which may bleed, become loose and swell. In other words, cats lose tooth without harm for health only in childhood, because of physical factors such as change of primary teeth.
The List of Possible Causes
It’s necessary to understand that if a cat has lost its tooth but at the same time the gum is not inflamed, there is no bleeding then trauma should be excluded. Because such situations may cause serious consequences such as fracture of the jaw, the remnants of the root are stuck in the gum and others. Also it needs to take into account breed features, especially applies to decorative animals that have congenital problems with the structure of the jaw and bite. That is why, should bear in mind different causes such as:
- Injures. It’s the most frequently occurred reason for tooth loss in cats aged 1-7 years. The damage may be received even without leaving the house during an active game or falling from the closet. Usually, a small chip does not disturb a cat until the end of the pet’s life. In rare cases, caries on the chip’s area may occur. But if the tooth is broken under the root, then the owner cannot do without the help of a veterinarian. If the root would be left in the gum, then it’s only a matter of time when it rots and provokes an inflammatory process.
- Gingivitis. Inflammatory gum disease that can provoke tooth loss in cats, if the situation is not taken under control in time. The illnesses differ with special symptoms: bleeding gums, fetid odor from the mouth, and severe pain while eating. At the initial stage, the owner can notice that the gums around one tooth are swollen and reddened, then the process can spread to nearby areas. Further, blood when chewing solid food appears. In the end, teeth begin to loose and fall out, the animal completely refuses to eat. It is really difficult to treat in the later stages. First of all, determine and eliminate the cause of its appearance. It may be deep caries, dental plaque, foreign objects. And only after that carry out a complete sanitation of the oral cavity and prescribe gels. In some cases, treatment is long-term; it can take several months.
- Dental calculus. Teeth plaque may form from the early days of life of the animal. If teeth cleaning would not be performed on a regular basis, there is a high probability that serious problems with gums and caries will appear at the age of 7-10 years. This procedure may be done with the help of a toothbrush for cats and special food. In the head of the risk group are decorative breeds that have problems with jaw and bite; animals that eat human’s food. If the owner ignores the cleaning of calculus, there is a high risk that a cat will lose tooth in the end. In the majority of cases it will be canine. First of all, yellow spots appear on the enamel, which become dark brown over the years. There is a high probability of developing deep caries, gingivitis and stomatitis. Small tartar on the teeth are removed with a special tool, which is used to chip off the plaque. If the animal is calm, then the procedure is performed without anesthesia. In difficult cases, calculus is removed with the help of ultrasound. This procedure is already carried out under anesthesia in a hospital setting. It takes no more than 15-25 minutes.
- Stomatitis. It appears with inflamed gums that are covered with white plaque. Distinctive feature of illnesses is a sour odor from the mouth. Often manifests during teeth change in kittens. There is also a risk of getting a viral infection with calcivirosis, which is very often complicated by stomatitis. With calcivirosis, even a young cat can lose a tooth without any outside damage. To treat stomatitis succssesfully the owner and veterinarian should find and take under control root causes.
- Periodontitis. A very serious disease that very often occurs against the background of chronic gingivitis and stomatitis. Its danger lies in the fact that the gums become loose and even healthy-looking teeth can fall out in cats. Tartar, deep caries, rotten roots can trigger the manifest of periodontitis. Treatment is individual, depending on the severity of the symptoms. In some cases, all teeth have to be removed and the oral cavity refurbished.
In the end it is necessary to mention some breeds of cats that may lose teeth because of the physical structure of jaw and bite. It’s about Maine Coons and Sphynxes. The owners should know that there is a probability of complete tooth extraction at a young age.