An active pet can get burns of varying severity for a variety of reasons. Simple household appliances can injure anyone. Kittens gnaw on electric wires, bask in the vicinity of a fire and are interested in other dangerous things in the house.
Cat Burn Classification
A cat’s burn, depending on the lesion, is divided into 3 degrees:
- A small area is damaged, in which swelling and redness are visible. The animal experiences pain, discomfort, and body temperature is elevated.
- Symptoms similar to the first degree are more pronounced. Also on the burnt area there are bubbles filled with liquid, after which crusts form. The pet feels weakness and pain, loses appetite, and body temperature remains stably high.
- On the skin there are open wounds with a burned edge. After a short period of time, tissue necrosis begins. The condition is accompanied by severe pain, fever, general intoxication of the body. The cat feels bad and may lose consciousness.
Depending on the type of damage are divided into:
- thermal, for example, from hot liquids or heating elements:
- electrical in case of electric shock;
- chemical, due to aggressive substances in household chemicals, as well as
- a cat’s burn from brilliant green applied over an open wound.
The danger of such an injury to a cat is associated with the loss of the protective function of the skin. Bacteria, viruses or infections that cause more dangerous diseases can freely enter open tissues. Predictions for the recovery of the cat depends on the amount of affected skin:
- When the affected area of the body occupies less than 15% of the surface, the cat is able to recover and fully return to a healthy state.
- With a burn, which takes from 15% to 50% of the body, the prognosis for recovery is less rosy. A pet can be cured only with regular long-term care of the owner.
- The probability of surviving a cat injured by more than 50% of the body is practically absent.
In addition to the skin, damage can affect the mouth, esophagus or nasopharynx. A burn of the upper respiratory tract causes severe swelling, which prevents the cat from receiving a normal amount of oxygen. In this case, the animal may even die.
The sooner first aid is provided, the faster the cat will heal the injury. The most necessary measures for the defeat of a thermal nature:
- Eliminate the source of overheating.
- If the cat has a burn on the foot or other accessible area of the body, place it under cold running water for a quarter of an hour.
- Make a cold wet compress from a clean cloth, which should be left on the affected area for a quarter of an hour.
- After applying a sterile dressing so that the animal could not tear off the tissue.
- Take the cat to the veterinarian for determination and for the appointment of drug therapy.
Overheating of the cat in the sun can also cause thermal damage to the skin and heat stroke. The pet should be quickly moved to the shade and, if possible, treated with agents containing titanium dioxide.
First aid for electrical injury:
- Disconnect power source.
- Move your pet to a safe place, observing safety precautions.
- In a short time, deliver the pet to the veterinary clinic.
Damage from contact with chemicals is more often internal. A pet can swallow acidic or alkaline household chemicals, or breathe in their vapor. In addition, a cat burns from iodine, brilliant green or other disinfectant applied to the surface of the tissues, and not along the edge of the wound.
First aid for external chemical damage:
- Rinse with cool running water.
- If a remedy that has become a source of injury is known, then the substance should be neutralized. Acid injury is washed with a weak alkaline solution, and alkaline – with vinegar.
- Treat the wound with an antiseptic.
- Give the cat an anesthetic.
In case of internal injuries, as well as after first aid, the pet should be immediately brought to the veterinary clinic for examination, analysis and determination of the further treatment regimen. Medicines prescribed by the veterinarian also depend on the degree and type of burn:
- Low-temperature thermal injuries are treated with antibiotics, steroids, anti-inflammatory and wound healing agents.
- From the negative effects of the sun, retinol and its derivatives help.
- In case of eye damage, drugs are prescribed against edema, inflammation and bactericidal infection.
- In severe cases, an operation is performed to remove dead tissue.
- Internal injuries require long-term treatment in a hospital and surgical intervention.
After discharge to the cat, in addition to rehabilitation therapy, you need to constantly change the bandages or blankets, and also use a protective collar.