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Cats are restless and overly active, especially at a young age. Often they get into trouble because of their playful nature. Troubles are usually associated with injuries, the most serious of which can is a broken bone.
In case of fracture, the natural shape of the bone changes. The bone loses its integrity and motor function completely or partially. When broken leg in cats there is a painful process affecting muscles, tendon, skin, nerve and blood vessels. The vessels break due to the impact of sharp bone shards.
Types of Fractures in Cats
In veterinary practice there are examples of legs fractures in tiny, just born kittens. Fractures may appear as a result of:
- abnormalities of intrauterine development, when there are disorders in the bone system of the fetus;
- outside pressure on the abdominal wall of the mother-cat (blows, falls, careless handling of the animal, for example, by children during games).
Evoked fractures in kittens include injuries resulting from:
- strong uterine contractions during active parturition;
- inaccurate actions of specialists in the process of obstetric intervention or caesarean section, when the foetus is extracted too quickly and not very carefully.
It is worth noting that the fractures of this group are more common in older individuals, independently walking along the path of life, full of dangers and exciting adventures. After all, accidents with cats in the vast majority of cases occur because of their excessive curiosity. Fractures can occur as a result of:
- pathology of the bone system.
In the latter case, we are talking about spontaneous fractures, that is, those that occur due to slight pressure on the bone, lost physiological strength as a result of the existing systemic (common to the whole body) pathological process. By the nature of the damage, fractures are:
With an open fracture the bone is visible through the broken muscles and skin.
Note!Open fractures are the most dangerous for the health of the pet because of the high probability of wound infection by pathogenic microorganisms.
The limb can break both in one place and in several places at once. In the latter case, we are talking about multiple fracture. It occurs quite rarely in the case of:
- falling from a tree or building, when the animal repeatedly hits the branches or clotheslines during the flight.
Another classification of fractures is based on the degree of damage to the paw:
- the bone can be broken partially (cracks, breaks, holes, etc.).);
- or completely, when there are no points of contact between the wreckage.
What Are the Causes of Sractures?
It is not necessary to discuss the causes of cats’ broken legs, as they are well known to everybody. Naturally, any violation of the integrity of the limb is due to mechanical impact on it. These impacts include:
- strong blow;
- unsuccessful release of a pinched paw, etc.
How to Determine that a Cat Has Broken Leg?
It is not difficult to notice that there is fracture:
- The animal does not step on one leg, moving on three.
- If there was a fracture of the pelvis, the cat cannot stand on up.
- You can feel unnatural mobility of bones in the area of injury when palpation, which does not happen in a normal physiological state.
- The fracture site swells, there is a strong pain.
- The natural shape of the bone changes.
Pre-medical assistance is aimed primarily to stop bleeding if there is any:
- Clamp the wound or apply a hemostatic bandage. Do not pinch the blood vessels too much, as the process of tissue necrotization may start due to poor innervation of tissues.
- Then, give your cat and anti-shock drug, analgesics and cardiac agents.
- At the next stage of first aid, try to immobilize the limb by applying tight bandages or tires.
- Transport the cat carefully to a flat solid surface and take to the veterinary clinic. The animal should not move or change the position of the body. Otherwise the situation at the fracture site will worsen. A house-call will be even better.
In the vet clinic, the veterinarian will conduct a thorough examination of the injured pet, make an x-ray, and then take every possible action to give the limb an anatomical shape, so that in the process of further treatment, the function of the broken bone is fully restored.
When a cat has broken leg, recovery depends greatly on the proper care of a sick animal. All necessary recommendations are given by the veterinarian depending on the severity of the injury. It is important to faithfully follow them and all the instructions.