Even in a young absolutely healthy cat a piece of tooth may break. It can happen not only during eating, but in the process of game with another animals. There are frequently widespread cases when split is appeared because of falling from a highness or collisions with hard surfaces (accidents). In immature individuals such phenomenon is not quite alarming for health, but it is better to visit a veterinarian to exclude progression of some diseases closely connected with gums. In adult animal unit such occasion may disquiet, because a risk of appearance of pathologies as gingivitis and periodontal disease are present.
Detailed Description of Frequently Occurred Reasons
It is almost impossible to notice absence of a tooth’s fragment, as even the most calm by nature pets are not very willing to inspect their jaws. In the majority of cases it can be found accidentally when the pet yawns or sleeps with open mouth. Worse, when about the problem alarm such symptoms as unpleasant smell from jaws, sensation of pain while eating or bleeding of gums. In the presence of chipped teeth in a cat, it is necessary to keep in mind the following circumstances and diseases:
- Injury. In most cases, teeth may chip off in the in the first two years of life, when they still perceive the world around them. It may be crashing from high altitude, smashing with hard surfaces, accidents. Hardly ever chipping off may be occurred during eating, even it has to chew very hard bones. Animals have sound teeth by nature. But, unfortunately this statement is not connected with elite breed cats, that are intent to the development of periodontal disease and gingivitis from birth. In the most scenarios, a small splits on teeth in cat have no affect for the health of the pet and may never bother it. If the tooth is chipped up to the root, it is obligatory to go to a veterinarian. If the root is not immediately removed, there is a big chance of progression of abscess or fistula in the gum.
- Deep caries. As time passed it may lead to damage tooth’s split-off. Usually, such situation is not disturb a pet for a long time, and master should never have a thought about the problem. Guiding symptoms are: enamel on the teeth turns yellow (most often on fangs), the appearance of bleeding gums near one or more teeth, a pet refuse to eat solid food (it is usually induce pain to chew dry food). The reasons of caries appearance in an early age may be connected with failure of nutrition (there are a lot of soft foods of plant origin in the diet), genetic predisposition (in the risk group are Maine Coons, Sphinxes, Persians). The treatment is inter-individual in each situations, as a lot of moments depends on the breed of the cat, the nature, extent of the process and age. In the majority of cases the procedure is carried out with anesthesia, so that the animal could not disturb the dentist from doing his job in a quality manner. In neglected cases, removal of the affected tooth may be required to exclude problems with root in the future (cyst or abscess). The preventive measures of caries must be done from the first days of pet’s life, so it from early days got used to this procedure and was not afraid of it. It is recommended that breeds with a congenital predisposition to caries to do hygiene of the oral cavity at least once a year.
- Dental calculus. Frequently occurred problem not only in animals, but in people too. Some elite breeds face with such kind of problem of with tartar on tooth enamel since its first days. The lack of regular brushing and removal of calculus mechanically can lead to sad consequences. Therefore, if a piece of tooth has broken off in a cat, there is a brown coating on the enamel, an unpleasant smell from the jaws or bleeding of the gums, then the likelihood of tartar should be excluded. In such scenarios, the best variant would be to visit a veterinarian who can assess the prevalence of the process and carry out the necessary hygiene procedures. Namely, cleaning teeth from stone using ultrasound or special dental tools. A protective paste is applied to the enamel after the procedure. After that, the doctor should explain how to brush your pet’s teeth on its own and which feed is best to use. For breeds such as Maine Coon, Abyssinian, Siamese, Persians and Scots, tartar must be removed at least once a year.
With the increase of years cats may have problems with their teeth, but if visit veterinarian in time even with a small chip, it will be able to prevent the development of deep caries and gingivitis in the future. A timely brushing and sanitation of the oral cavity from an early age will reduce problems with gums in the future to a minimum.