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As a rule, cats have sharp eyes, especially at night. If a cat has blood in eye, it could be a dangerous symptom indicating a serious illness, which requires the assistance of a vet.
Eye Diseases that Cause Redness
- One of the most common reasons why a cat has blood in eyes is conjunctivitis. In addition to redness, there will be quite a heavy discharge, usually of a purulent character, swollen eyelids. The cat becomes very sensitive to bright light. Conjunctivitis can be caused by allergies, infection or inflammation.
- Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids) can have the same origin as conjunctivitis and is accompanied by redness and swelling of the eyelids.
- Evisceration of the third eyelid, when the gland, which is located right under the third eyelid of the cat, comes out of the corner and fills the space of the eye.
- Dislocation of the lens due to injury, congenital pathology or the development of diseases such as glaucoma, uveitis or cataracts. In this case the eyes may not only blush, but there will be other symptoms of the underlying disease.
- Hyphema, in which blood accumulates in the front part. The cat eye is not just red, but the cat got blood in eye. The cause of hyphema may be an eye injury, impaired blood clotting or other diseases.
- Glaucoma occurs when increased intraocular pressure.
- Trauma with a foreign object. In addition to all sorts of dirt and dust, delicate eyes of the cats, especially long haired ones, can be scratched by its own hair.
- Tumors that occur both in the eyes themselves and in the space around them.
- Anterior uveitis is characterized by inflammation of the iris or ciliary body. This disease can be caused by viruses or bacteria, and is a consequence of cancer.
- Superficial keratitis is caused by viruses, bacteria, injuries and allergies, characterized by inflammation of the cornea.
- Proptosis is an unnatural extension of the eye forward.
- Dry eye syndrome is a disease in which there is not enough fluid from the lacrimal glands. In addition to redness, there may be whitish or greenish discharge.
- Corneal ulcers, which are invisible to the owner of the cat, but could be recognized by special ophthalmologist’s devices.
Also, redness can be caused by allergies, which are especially manifested during plants flowering. When pollen enters the body, an almost instantaneous reaction occurs in the form of redness and swelling, increased tearing, conjunctivitis or blepharitis.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Diseases
If you notice that the cat has blood around eye, or its eyes turned red, not only the consultation of a veterinarian ophthalmologist is required. It is also necessary to make additional examination of the pet’s eyes.
Depending on the symptoms, the doctor may prescribe a measurement of intraocular pressure, ultrasound, inspection for lacrimation, x-ray of the skull, CT and MRI of the cat’s head, examination of the state of internal organs. Of cause, the treatment will be prescribed only when the doctor determines the presence of a disease.
The method of treatment is prescribed depending on the diagnosis. When there is an inflammatory disease, a course of antibiotics, eye drops and ointments are often prescribed. If a cat’s red eye is a consequence of some underlying disease, all the actions of the vet will focus firstly on treatment of this disease, and then on elimination of the symptoms.
Some diseases are treated fairly quickly, while others require long exposure to drugs. Some diseases cannot be cured without the help of a surgeon. In any case, healthy eyes are very important for the animal. Do not perform any self-treatment! This can lead to full loss of sight. Therefore, only after consultation with the doctor and his appointments, you can start appropriate treatment.
Note!If the doctor prescribes the use of special drops and ointments at home, you need to take these recommendations very seriously and follow them strictly.
In order not to injure the eyes of the cat when instilling, you need to keep the bottle with the drug in one or two centimeters from the eye. Warm the drops or ointment a little in your hands before use. After instilling or laying the ointment, you need to massage gently the eyelids of your cat, so that the drug can distribute evenly.
Prevention of Eye Diseases
Of course, every cat may face diseases of the organs of vision, but it the owner’s task to make every effort to ensure that the risks of such diseases are as small as possible. To do this, it is necessary to provide proper care for the eyes of the pet.
In order to prevent bacteria multiplying in the mucus, which periodically collects in the corners of cats’ eyes, the mucus should be periodically removed. To do this, you can use special disinfecting eye lotions or decoctions of herbs.
When washing your beloved cat, it is necessary not to allow a soap solution and water to get into the eyes and irritate them. The same precautions should be used in the treatment from fleas and other parasites with insecticidal drops and powders. If the pet is long-haired, you have to pay attention to the length of wool over the eyes. If the coat hangs, it may scratch the delicate conjunctiva of the pet, damaging the eyes and as a result, causing redness.
The owner should be extremely careful when conducting any procedures with the eyes of a cat in order not to scratch and not to damage the delicate organ. At the same time, you should not use dry wipes or cotton wool, as their fibers can get into the eyes. It is better to moisten a wipe or cotton wool in a special eye solution intended for cleaning or in a weak decoction of chamomile.