There are many reasons for the development of postpartum bleeding. In the process of parturition, the vulva of cats is slightly bleeding and this is natural. Slight bleeding in cats after giving birth is normal, but blood discharge on the second day and later is an alarming sign. Cats’ uterus returns to its normal state and reduced to former size during the rehabilitation period.
Normal and Abnormal Bleeding after Giving Birth
Abnormally strong bleeding can be a sign of dangerous complications. The most dangerous of them is considered to be postpartum hemorrhage, which can occur for various reasons within two days after parturition. On the third day, profuse hemorrhage is unlikely, and if this happens, there may e an infectious lesion or ruptures of the uterine tissues.
Normal discharge from the vulva of a cat starts with labor pains and amplifies when expulsive pains come. During the first pains, the owner may not notice a discharge, because the cat carefully licks it. A small amount of blood is released along with amniotic fluid, which can be transparent or have a yellow, green, yellow-green color.
Within 48 hours after parturition, cats may experience slight bleeding (spotting) selection, which you can find on the litter. These discharges occur due to the fact that the uterus shrinks to its normal size in about two days. If a cat has four or more kittens that are actively sucking the milk, the process of reducing the uterus can be reduced to 24-36 hours.
Along with bleeding in cats after giving birth, you may notice that the discharge from the vulva has a pungent rotting smell. The color of the secretions can vary from dark brown to black, green or yellow. This symptom indicates the process of decomposition of the kitten or placenta, which did not come out of the uterus. If more than two days have passed since the birth, urgent surgical intervention is necessary to save the cat. If the period is less than 24 hours, medications that stimulate labor can help.
Complications that Lead to Bleeding
Let’s see what complication may be indicated by the postpartum bleeding. Let’s start with the reason mentioned above – incomplete expulsion of placenta or kittens. Many inexperienced owners believe that the end of attempts indicates the completion of the birth process. However, if at the last stage of pregnancy, the cat was not examined by ultrasound, the owner cannot know the exact number of kittens that were to be born. In this case, there is a risk that in the uterine cavity there will be a dead kitten or placenta. With such complications, the first alarming symptoms appear within 24-72 hours after birth.
- deteriorated appetite, apathy, due to the pain the young mother leaves the kittens.
- brownish discharges with a small amount of coagulated blood come out of from the vagina.
- with the development of complications, the body temperature is constantly increasing.
- when touching the cat’s abdomen, you will find that the muscles of the peritoneum are tense.
If the symptoms are identified in time and correctly interpreted, conservative treatment is used to solve the problem. After stimulation of labors and cleaning the uterine cavity, a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics is prescribed to prevent the development of bacterial infection. If more than one day has passed after the parturition, the vet will have to remove the uterus.
Another common complication is metritis or inflammation of the uterus. Complication can develop within 3 days after giving birth. With the development of metritis a cat looks depressed and obviously sick. There is bleeding in cats after giving birth, the body temperature is increased. From the first days of sickness the young mother refuses to eat, leaves the kittens and ignores the drink. This quickly leads to dehydration.
When metritis, the bloody discharges have unpleasant smell. Quite often there is pus in the blood. When palpating the belly of the cat you will feel that the abdominal wall is tense. Despite the severe pain and muscle tone, palpation reveals the enlarged uterus. Metritis develops against the background of rapid reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. The condition is facilitated by a course of antibiotics, but treatment may not be effective if the spectrum of the drug is chosen incorrectly. Positive dynamics should appear in the first day after the start of treatment. If after 24-48 hours the positive dynamics is not observed, the only way to save the cat is surgical intervention with subsequent removal of the uterus.
Note!Less common, but still dangerous complication is uterine prolapse. Usually, such complications are accompanied by bleeding of the cat after giving birth. With prolapse, the clinical picture develops very quickly, and the symptoms are very similar to the rupture of the walls of the uterus. In both cases, there is a strong bleeding, which should be stopped as soon as possible. Further treatment is carried out with the help of surgery.
The most dangerous complication after parturition is perforation of the uterus or rupture of its walls. Such a violation does not occur without a reason. Usually the cat has problems during pregnancy. The cause of the rupture of the walls of the uterus may be prolonged labor.