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A lot of masters even did not even think that bald patches on the ears of their cats may indicate the development of diseases closely connected with allergies, parasites or fungal infections. Until concomitant symptoms appear, small flat spots on the ears do not cause concern. It is easy to understand them, because in many cats this phenomenon is present in the period of lewdness or hormonal fluctuations that pass on their own over time.
It is better to start with that fact that bald spots on cat’s ears may be an evidence of lack of vitamins in the pet’s organism. Especially it brightly occurred in elite breeds, for which choosing the right food is considered not so easy. Hardly ever itching and redness are presented. This problem may be handled by mean of changing feed brand or class.
Also master should remember about season change of coat, which manifests differently in all cats. Someone may lose an abundance of wool several times a year, someone is more lucky – small bald patches appear no more than twice during the year.
Causes that Are Connected with Pathology
When huge bald patches on cat’s ears occur, first of all, consider an option with one of the types of allergies. Which often shows itself not only in hair loss, but also in redness and peeling of the skin. Mostly in 80% of cases connected with allergic reactions, manifest in elite cat’s breeds. Others occasions fall on allergy after insect bites or contact with potential allergens (household chemicals, medicines). Unfortunately, among elite breeds are very common cats with chronic atopic dermatitis – an allergy can be triggered by the wool of carpets, other animals, house dust and mold, pollen from plants and other substances. To exclude these components from everyday life is almost impossible. In such case veterinarian prescribes symptomatic treatment in the period of aggravation. It is more difficult to find out an allergen in alimentary allergy, but if you can indicate it, it is possible to exclude it from pet’s food allowance. It can guarantee the complete recovery of the animal (recovery means the disappearance of all symptoms). Some other reasons:
- Flea dermatitis. A frequently reaction on flea bites in cats. Such evocation of organism is caused by parasite’s saliva which enters to the animal’s bloodstream after the bite. In some scenarios, only one flea is enough to provoke high-level allergic reaction. That manifests as bald patches on ears, neck, chest and withers. Almost always itching and peeling of skin is presented. Also, the appearance of white and black grains in the pet’s hair can be considered characteristic feature. A lot of masters mistake for dirt or dandruff. This is actually the result of the life of the parasites. It is better to use special drugs (in form of drops), which are applied to the withers of the animal monthly in the season of activity of parasites and every three months in the winter.
- Bacterial infection. May get into an open wound after scratching from claws or bites after the teeth of other animals. Bald spots on cat’s ears may indicate the presence of itching, due to which the pet scratch itself. In severe cases blood and pus are appeared in areas of scratching, that exhale an unpleasant odor. It is necessary to take a deep scrapings from the surface of the lesions for cytological examination for establishing diagnosis and indication of causative agent. In complicate occasions it is need to do inoculation. Based on the results, antibacterial drugs are selected. The treatment is long-lasting, may take up to several weeks, depending on the number and extent of lesions.
- Ear mite. It is considered one of the most frequently occurred reason of appearance otitis in cats. The activity of parasites is manifested in the form of dirty discharge from the ears, an unpleasant odor and reddening of the skin inside the auricle. Bald patches on ears indicate the presence of severe itching, which often drive pets crazy, forcing them to scratch themselves to blood. Confirmation of otodectosis can only be done using a microscopic determination of deep plucks from each ear. For treatment, drugs are used that are applied to the withers of the animal or buried inside the ear canal. Treatment is carried out in all animals living in the house, regardless of the presence of symptoms.
Bald Patches on Ears in Cat Photos
The most part of the causes of bald patches on the ears of cats are connected with parasitic activity, which is easily prevented by regular preventive treatment of pets.