What Causes Abscess on the Cheeks of a Cat?


17.11.2018
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For cats that freely go outside, wounds and injuries are a common thing, especially if the animal is not neutered. In the majority of cases, such injuries do not need treatment, and wounds heal on their own. You should only worry if pus accumulates in the wound and it does not tighten for a long time. Such signs may indicate an abscess or fistula.

The Reasons for the Formation of Wounds

Wounds, erosion and scratches on the cat’s face can be formed as a result of:

  1. fights with other animals;
  2. abscess;
  3. fistula.
Note!
In the first case it is quite simple to identify the nature of the wounds. If the cat went for a walk healthy, and came back with an injury – then there obviously has been a conflict with other animals. Owners of entire animals often face this problem, since young cats have violent temper.

An abscess is a deep cavity filled with pus. It develops when infection enters any wound or scratch and can appear on any part of the body. The development of suppuration in the face of the cat is associated with the fact that the animal combs the wound and puts the infection. The abscess looks like a dense tumor, the skin around the lump turns red and inflamed. When opening the formation of pus begins to come out, there is a large non-healing wound, while the temperature of the skin around the damage may increase. Also the reason why cat has pus wound on cheek may be fistula. Most often, the problem develops due to complicated gingivitis or other pathologies of the oral cavity. The fistula is characterized by continuous secretion of pus or ichor from the wound. Such damage causes severe discomfort to the cat.

Diagnostics

The majority of wounds are easy to diagnose. They heal well with regular antiseptic treatment, the amount of purulent content decreases, the animal behaves calmly. Only a veterinarian can diagnose a fistula or abscess. You should take the cat to a specialist as soon as possible, as fistula can lead to the development of dangerous complications. For accurate diagnosis x-rays or an MRT with contrast are carried out.

Treatment

Any purulent wounds are treated with antiseptics and antibiotics. An injury can be disinfected with Miramistin, chlorhexidine or hydrogen peroxide. Antibiotic therapy is not so simple. In case of abscess and fistula, injection of antibiotics is performed. The drugs should be selected only by the veterinarian after the examination of the cat. When a cat has pus wound on cheek, it is necessary to cut the hair around the wound and wash the affected area. Then the wound should be treated with an antiseptic. To reduce inflammation and accelerate tissue recovery, Levomekol is put directly into the wound. Treatment is carried out 3-4 times a day. In order to prevent the cat from ing the ointment and combing the wound, you can use a special veterinary collar.

Remember!
Large abscess should be open surgically. This significantly speeds recovery. The purulent cavity is cut with a scalpel, then a drainage is put to remove the contents.

Fistula should be treated only by a specialist. It is necessary to identify the source of inflammation, which may be in the jaw or throat. Dead tissue around the wound is excised with a scalpel, drainage is installed in the cavity to remove purulent masses. If the inflammatory process began due to problems with the teeth, they are removed.

Photo of Cats with Abscess on Cheeks

abscess on cheeks in cat abscess on cheek of cat abscess on cheeks of kitty abscess with pus on cheeks of cat

Why the Wound Is not Healing for a Long Time?

If a cat has pus abscess on cheek, it can be the consequence of conflict with neighbors, dogs, or domestic injury. Long-healing wounds usually indicate that the animal combs the damaged area due to itching or pain. In addition, the slow regeneration of damaged tissues can be a consequence of:

  • dermatitis.
  • lack of vitamins in the diet.
  • endocrine disorders.

Non-healing wounds or erosion often appear on the background of dermatitis. In this case, the disease can be caused by food allergy, fungal flora or parasites. A characteristic feature of dermatitis is the presence of itching, which is why the cat combs the wound, not allowing it to tighten. Long-term restoration of the damaged epidermis is typical for older animals and is associated with metabolic disorders. This is observed in cats with obesity or endocrine disorders, including diabetes. With a lack of vitamins in the diet, wounds heal slowly. This problem occurs with either very young kittens who have just moved to self-feeding, or elderly animals.

When a cat has pus abscess on cheek and the examination in the veterinary clinic showed no abscess or fistula, and the wound still does not heal for a long time, it is recommended to introduce vitamin supplements into the pet’s diet and use a collar to prevent the cat from combing the wound.

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