Hairless cats seem fragile and sickly, but in fact they are in good health. It is highly important to know the main diseases of the sphinxes, their weak points. In order to provide quality care and a balanced diet. Then the pet will joy its owner for many years.
The Most Typical Pathologies
The Sphynx kitten is rather weak and needs careful care.Little by little, in the process of growing up, immunity will improve, but small animals need to be surrounded with care and attention. Even in early childhood, the following illnesses may appear:
- corneal ulcers;
Kittens are born with their eyes already opened, so the risk of accidental trauma is very high. Adult cats can also get conjunctivitis due to the lack of eyelashes, a feline defense mechanism. Sphynxes’ eyes must be carefully monitored, wiped with a tea bag, chamomile infusion or specialized products.
Representatives of the breed are predisposed to allergies, therefore, the pet should be protected from chemical and cosmetic preparations, and the choice of food should be responsible. The Class must be not lower than super-premium, focused on hairless cats. A reaction can occur to dust, therefore, in the room where the representative of the breed is kept, wet cleaning should be carried out every day. Symptoms that signals that the pet is sick:
- body temperature changes.
- Stool disorder.
- Abscesses or suppuration of the skin.
- Nipples size or shape changes
- Cough, shortness of breath.
- Loss of appetite.
Sphinxes’ genetic feature is the so-called carp bite: the upper and lower incisors do not close.Therefore, the teeth constantly injure the mucous membranes. It becomes difficult for the animal to eat.
The common diseases of the Don Sphynxes include skin pathologies. This is a seasonal dermatitis that affects the animal shortly before or during estrus. It is characterized by severe itching, which triggers the animal to injure itself with sharp claws. When an infection enters the wounds, inflammation occurs.
Acne is frequent in the puberty breed. Sebum is secreted intensively at this time, so unpleasant rashes appear on the belly, tail, back and neck of the pet. Acne is most common in animals that are cream, red, or blue.
Finally, vasculitis, which can be triggered by stress, medication, or infection. A rash on the cat’s body is associated with inflammation of the blood vessels.
The genetic diseases of the sphinxes are quite diverse. This is nipple hyperplasia, the provoking factor in the development of which is the abuse of hormonal drugs. If breeding is not planned, it is better to sterilize the animal, and not to give drops during estrus, which suppress sexual desire. They are, of course, effective, but can provoke this dangerous disease. The nipples become dense, change color to deep red. If illness is left untreated, hyperplasia will cause a cyst on the breast. Bald cats are at risk group from year age.
Microphthalmos is the cause of decreased visual acuity. Represents a reduction in the eyeball. The only possible treatment option is surgery.
The curvature of the spine in the caudal region is accompanied by a bend in the tip of the tail. Such pets are discarded: they cannot reproduce and take part in exhibition events. In the majority of cases this curvature is accompanied by other hereditary abnormalities.
Congenital volvulus of the eyelids occurs due to the fact that the eyelids of the breed are very dense. Because of this, the eyelid is bent inward. Often pathology is accompanied by conjunctivitis and purulent discharge.
Dangerous hereditary pathologies that can cause death are:
- Myopathy. First affects the muscles of the neck, then spreads throughout the body.
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a cardiac pathology. Able to provoke sudden cardiac arrest.
- Airway obstruction. It is also a common fatal hereditary disease.
To reduce the risk of buying a sick kitten, it is important to familiarize yourself with the information on the health status of the parents in detail. In official nurseries, this information is publicly available and is provided upon the first request of a potential buyer.
Dangerous diseases of the Canadian sphinxes include urolithiasis (Urolithiasis). The reasons are physical inactivity of the animal, obesity, violation of the diet, intake of insufficient amount of fluid. Often, the ICD is provoked by an infection that has entered the urethra. At the risk group are castrated sphinxes. It is important to give your pet a preventive medication agreed with your veterinarian.
Hairless cats are original pets. However, they develop strong immunity only with age, and many dangerous diseases are hereditary. Only an attentive owner is able to notice the first signs of the disease and take the pet to the clinic in time.